Skip to Content
News & Analysis at your fingertips.

We use a range of cookies to give you the best possible browsing experience. By continuing to use this website, you agree to our use of cookies.
You can learn more about our cookie policy here, or by following the link at the bottom of any page on our site. See our updated Privacy Policy here.

Free Trading Guides
Please try again

Live Webinar Events


Economic Calendar Events


Notify me about

Live Webinar Events
Economic Calendar Events






More View More
S&P 500 Price Forecast: US Presidential Election May Spook Volatility

S&P 500 Price Forecast: US Presidential Election May Spook Volatility

Margaret Yang, CFA, Former Strategist


What's on this page


  • Volatility may be elevated in view of presidential debates and a pending US fiscal stimulus plan
  • US presidential election, coronavirus resurgence, and rising US Dollar are among the key risks
  • Recent selloff may prove to be another “healthy correction” in the medium-term bull run

S&P 500 Index Outlook:

Since early September, US stock markets entered a consolidative phase, pausing a five-month rally that was mainly driven by recovery hopes and Fed’s balance sheet expansion. With the Fed members warning a lengthy recovery and lacking fiscal stimulus support, equity markets seem to have lost some steam. Unwinding activities were seen in risk assets, whereas safe-haven assets were on bid. The US Dollar Index (DXY) has climbed to a two-month high of 94.4.

Although the central bank has signalled no rate hikes until year 2023 in the latest FOMC meeting, a slowdown in the Fed’s balance sheet expansion and its reluctancy to ease more weighed on market sentiment (chart below).

S&P 500 Index vs. Fed Balance Sheet (2015-2020)

SPX Balance sheet

Some near-term headwinds include the US presidential election, a ‘second wave’ of coronavirus in parts of the EU, and a pending US fiscal stimulus package. The first Trump – Biden presidential debate will be held next week, September 29 from 9:00-10:00 P.M. ET. This debate may draw millions of viewers and market volatility may rise during the debate. The CBOT VIX term structure has likely priced-in higher volatility associated with options on the S&P 500 index leading up to the November election (chart below).

Introduction to Forex News Trading
Introduction to Forex News Trading
Recommended by Margaret Yang, CFA
What does it take to trade around data?
Get My Guide

Besides, credit risks are soaring among China’s property developers, most of which are highly leveraged. Evergrande, one of China’s largest real estate company, has warned of a possible debt restructuring if it doesn’t get an IPO approval by end January. A failure by Evergrande to meet its debt obligations, if happens, will likely bring significant ripple effects to Asian bonds and stocks.

VIX Volatility Index Term Structure– as at 09/24/2020

VIX Term structure

Back to US markets, recent selloff in equities appeared more like a “healthy correction” in a medium-term bull run, because there seems to be lack of systemic risk. The US economy is riding a slow but steady recovery from the Covid-19 pandemic. The unemployment rate has fallen to 8.4% in August from March’s high of 14.7%. Inflation - measured by US core CPI - has climbed to 1.7% in August from April’s low of 1.2%.

The Fed have revised up this year’s median US GDP growth forecast to -3.7% from June’s forecast of -6.5%. Meanwhile, the growth forecasts for year 2021 and 2022 have been slightly revised down to 4.0% and 3.0% respectively.

Economic projection of Fed Board members and Fed Bank presidents, Sep 2020

Fed projections


Building Confidence in Trading
Building Confidence in Trading
Recommended by Margaret Yang, CFA
Don’t give into despair, make a game plan
Get My Guide

--- Written by Margaret Yang, Strategist for

To contact Margaret, use the Comments section below or @margaretyjy on Twitter

DailyFX provides forex news and technical analysis on the trends that influence the global currency markets.