Mexican Peso Forecast: Coiling, Awaiting Next Downside Move - Levels for USD/MXN Rate
Mexican Peso Forecast Overview:
- Unlike other FX pairs, USD/MXN has yet to see meaningful volatility in the first trading days of 2021.
- The Mexican Peso remains on strong footing heading into 2021, but like nearly all of the FX market, the next move in USD/MXN could be driven by the outcome of the US Georgia Senate Runoff Elections.
- We can use the IG Client Sentiment Indexfor USD/CAD rates as a close proxy for USD/MXN exposure, which has a mixed bias.
Mexican Peso Yet to Wake Up in the New Year
It’s just the second trading day of 2021, but the Mexican Peso appears to be on an extended holiday. Even as the rest of the FX market appears to be waking up, including its North America counterpart, the Canadian Dollar, the Mexican Peso continues to consolidate in an ever-tightening trading range versus the US Dollar, which was carved out in the final two weeks of December. While the price action may not be intriguing, traders may think of USD/MXN rates as a coiling spring storing potential energy: a breakout will be the realization of kinetic energy.
Mexican Peso Forex Economic Calendar - Rest of Week
USD/MXN rates may not stay quiet for long, however. Like nearly all of the FX market, the next move in USD/MXN could be driven by the outcome of the US Georgia Senate Runoff Elections. Like in the immediate wake of the US presidential election, more control in Washington, D.C. to the Democrats should help foster a weaker environment for USD/MXN. On the other hand, if Republicans retain control of the Senate, the recent coiling price action in USD/MXN rates may find resolution higher in the near-term.
Otherwise, the upcoming December Mexican inflation (CPI) report will be released tomorrow. According to a Bloomberg News survey, a slight moderation in price pressures is anticipated with the headline inflation rate due in at 3.15% from 3.33% in November. Recent changes in Banxico’s leadership suggest that the central bank’s hawkish hue may begin to fade; a rate hike cycle is unlikely any time soon.
USD/MXN Rate Technical Analysis: Daily Chart (January 2020 to January 2021) (Chart 1)
USD/MXN rates have continued through their parallel downtrend in recent weeks, which goes back to the coronavirus pandemic high set in April. The most recent test of either channel support or resistance came in November on the day of the US election, but since that November resistance retest, the pair has been trading in the middle to upper part of the range. December produced little progress either way, and the consolidation seen in the final two weeks of December (arguably going back to mid-November) remains in place.
Bearish momentum has eased, with USD/MXN rates above their daily 5-, 8-, 13-, and 21-EMA, which is barely in bullish sequential order. Daily MACD is trending higher but below its signal line, while Slow Stochastics are barely rising above oversold territory. Two significant Fibonacci retracement levels serving as resistance remain in place: the 76.4% retracement of the 2020 low/high range at 20.2349; and the 38.2% retracement of the past 10-years of trading low/high range (April 2011 low/April 2020 high) at 20.3215.
USD/MXN Rate Technical Analysis: Weekly Chart (January 2015 to January 2021) (Chart 2)
Momentum on the weekly timeframe has eased but remains more bearish than the daily timeframe. USD/MXN rates are below their weekly 4-, 13-, and 26-EMA envelope, which is in bearish sequential order. Weekly MACD is trending lower below its signal line, while Slow Stochastics are still comfortable in oversold territory. The longer-term parallel channel biased to the downside remains the predominant perspective.
Using a Proxy to Track USD/MXN Retail Positioning
With respect to the difference in performance between USD/CAD and USD/MXN rates in recent weeks, it should be noted that the Canadian economy is more independent from the US economy than is the Mexican economy. While the United States is both countries’ largest trading partner, over 80% of Mexico’s exports go to the United States (compared to near 70% for Canada), while 30% of Mexico’s GDP is derived from economic activities involving the United States (compared to 20% for Canada).
The close proximity of both countries given their trade relationship with the United States also means that their currencies tend to trade in a similar fashion as well. In other words, there is a reasonable basis of expectation for USD/CAD and USD/MXN rates to trade in a similar fashion.
But around the illiquid holiday trading period, as is typically the case, correlations ‘fall apart’ as a lack of sustained market activity produce atypical price action. Accordingly, the 20-day correlation between USD/CAD and USD/MXN rates is currently +0.21; one week ago, the 20-day correlation was +0.24. We would expect these correlations to strength as January marches forward.
IG CLIENT SENTIMENT INDEX: USD/CADRATE FORECAST (JANUARY 5, 2021) (CHART 3)
USD/CAD: Retail trader data shows 64.71% of traders are net-long with the ratio of traders long to short at 1.83 to 1. The number of traders net-long is 0.42% lower than yesterday and 4.99% higher from last week, while the number of traders net-short is 20.37% higher than yesterday and 2.36% higher from last week.
We typically take a contrarian view to crowd sentiment, and the fact traders are net-long suggests USD/CAD prices may continue to fall.
Positioning is less net-long than yesterday but more net-long from last week. The combination of current sentiment and recent changes gives us a further mixed USD/CAD trading bias.
--- Written by Christopher Vecchio, CFA, Senior Currency Strategist
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