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NZD/USD Rate Rebound Unravels Ahead of Federal Reserve Rate Decision

NZD/USD Rate Rebound Unravels Ahead of Federal Reserve Rate Decision

David Song, Strategist

New Zealand Dollar Talking Points

NZD/USD carves a series of lower highs and lows as it pulls back from the weekly high (0.7010), but the Federal Reserve interest rate decision may keep the exchange rate afloat as the central bank is expected to retain the current policy.


NZD/USD Rate Rebound Unravels Ahead of Federal Reserve Rate Decision

NZD/USD gives back the advance from the monthly low (0.6881) as the US Dollar outperforms against the commodity bloc currencies, and the Greenback may continue to appreciate against its New Zealand counterpart if the Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC) shows a greater willingness to scale back its emergency measures.

Image of DailyFX economic calendar for US

It seems as though the Fed will follow a similar path to the Reserve Bank of New Zealand (RBNZ) as Governor Adrian Orr and Co. announced plans to “halt additional asset purchases under the Large Scale Asset Purchase (LSAP) programme by 23 July 2021, and the FOMC may start to lay out a tentative exit strategy as Chairman Jerome Powell tells US lawmakers that the committee will “provide advance notice before announcing any decision to make changes to our purchases.

As a result, the Fed rate decision may keep NZD/USD under pressure if Chairman Powell and Co. indicate a greater willingness to switch gears, but more of the same from the FOMC may produce a bearish reaction in the Greenback as “the Committee's standard of substantial further progresswas generally seen as not having yet been met.”

In turn, it remains to be seen if the decline from the June high (0.7288) will turn out to be a potential change in the broader trend as NZD/USD trades below the 200-Day SMA (0.7084) for the first time since June 2020, but the consolidation in the exchange rate may continue to spur a shift in retail sentiment as traders flip net-long for the fourth time in July.

Image of IG Client Sentiment for NZD/USD rate

The IG Client Sentiment report shows 51.48% of traders are currently net-long NZD/USD, with the ratio of traders long to short standing at 1.06 to 1.

The number of traders net-long is 14.37% higher than yesterday and 0.27% higher from last week, while the number of traders net-short is 9.18% higher than yesterday and 1.99% lower from last week. The marginal rise in net-long position comes even as NZD/USD carves a series of lower highs and lows, while the decline in net-short position has done little to alleviate the shift in retail sentiment as 58.28% of traders were net-long the pair last week.

With that said, a further consolidation in NZD/USD may continue to spur a shift in retail sentiment to mimic the behavior from earlier this month, and the Fed rate decision may sway the near-term outlook for the exchange rate if the central bank adjusts the forward guidance for monetary policy.

NZD/USD Rate Daily Chart

Image of NZD/USD rate daily chart

Source: Trading View

  • Keep in mind, a head-and-shoulders formation materialized in the first quarter of 2021 as NZD/USD pushed below the 50-Day SMA (0.7072) for the first time since November, and the decline from the yearly high (0.7465) may turn out to be a change in the broader trend as the exchange rate trades below the 200-Day SMA (0.7084) for the first time since June 2020.
  • At the same time, NZD/USD slipped to a fresh yearly low (0.6881) in July as the Relative Strength Index (RSI) continues to track the downward trend established in April, with lack of momentum to hold above the 0.6940 (50% expansion) to 0.6960 (38.2% retracement) bringing the 0.6870 (50% retracement) region back on the radar.
  • Next area of interest comes in around 0.6810 (38.2% expansion) followed by the 0.6710 (61.8% expansion) region, which sits just above the September 2020 high (0.6798).
  • Need a move back above the Fibonacci overlap around 0.7070 (61.8% expansion) to 0.7110 (38.2% expansion) to see a larger rebound in NZD/USD, with the next area of interest coming in around 0.7260 (78.6% expansion).

--- Written by David Song, Currency Strategist

Follow me on Twitter at @DavidJSong

DailyFX provides forex news and technical analysis on the trends that influence the global currency markets.