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USD/ZAR Outlook: Upbeat South African GDP Data Bolsters Rand

USD/ZAR Outlook: Upbeat South African GDP Data Bolsters Rand

Warren Venketas, Markets Writer

USD/ZAR ANALYSIS

  • South African GDP surpasses estimates
  • Subdued bond yields
  • USD/ZAR remains within rectangle pattern
  • Short-term downside likely to extend
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RAND FUNDAMENTAL BACKDROP

SOUTH AFRICAN Q4: 2020 GDP BEATS ESTIMATES

south african GDP stats SA

Source: Stats SA

south african GDP data

Source: DailyFX economic calendar

SA GDP figures improved on estimates both YoY and QoQ as seen in the images above with the largest contributors to positive growth coming from transport, trade and manufacturing respectively.

U.S. treasury yields (see chart below) which have plagued the Rand of recent, has eased this morning resulting in a slight pullback on the USD/ZAR pair. While expectations are that U.S. treasury yields have more room to climb, the short-term outlook may be that markets will need some time to digest the recent upsurge. This could be attractive to Rand bulls which could lead to short-term ZAR strength, while two major South African commodity exports - Spot Gold and Platinum have also made a comeback today supporting the local currency.

USD/ZAR VS U.S. 10Y T-NOTE YIELD

USD/ZAR vs U.S. treasury 10Y yields

Chart prepared by Warren Venketas, Refinitiv

ECONOMIC ANNOUNCEMENTS

Tomorrow U.S. inflation data is scheduled which will likely result in short-term volatility around USD crosses. Should actual data deviate considerably from forecasts, there could be significant price fluctuations on USD/ZAR.

USD/ZAR economic calendar

Source: DailyFX economic calendar

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TECHNICAL ANALYSIS

USD/ZAR WEEKLY CHART

USD/ZAR weekly chart

Chart prepared by Warren Venketas, IG

The weekly rectangle consolidation pattern (yellow) that I have mentioned previously has now reached topside resistance. Price action did push above this zone but soon fell back within the rectangle which does not constitute an upside breakout.

This being said, the long-term trendline resistance (dashed black line) has been temporarily broken but confirmation will only be established once the candle closes at the end of the week.

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USD/ZAR DAILY CHART

USD/ZAR daily chart

Chart prepared by Warren Venketas, IG

Post GDP announcement, the Rand did appreciate marginally against the U.S. Dollar. With no other important data throughout the day markets may further digest the positive news in a delayed manner which may result in additional Rand strength later in the day.

The Relative Strength Index (RSI) is exhibiting slowing upside momentum as it approaches overbought territory (blue). This is consistent with the weekly chart but allows for clearer short-term key levels. The January swing high at 15.6648 will now serve as initial resistance.

From the more likely bearish perspective, should price action hold below the 15.3801resistance levelthe 15.0000 psychological support zone could be in focus once more.

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USD/ZAR: KEY TECHNICAL POINTS TO CONSIDER

  • Weekly: Rectangle pattern
  • Daily: January 11 swing high – 15.6648
  • 15.3801 resistance
  • 15.0000 support
  • Price trading above trendline resistance on weekly
  • RSI bullish momentum slowing

--- Written by Warren Venketas for DailyFX.com

Contact and follow Warren on Twitter: @WVenketas

DailyFX provides forex news and technical analysis on the trends that influence the global currency markets.

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