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EUR/USD Vulnerable to Upbeat US Retail Sales as Fed Plans for Restrictive Policy

EUR/USD Vulnerable to Upbeat US Retail Sales as Fed Plans for Restrictive Policy

David Song, Strategist

EUR/USD Rate Talking Points

EUR/USD trade back above parity as it bounces back from a fresh yearly low (0.9952), but the update to the US Retail Sales report may drag on the exchange rate as the Federal Reserve shows a greater willingness to implement a restrictive policy.


EUR/USD Vulnerable to Upbeat US Retail Sales as Fed Plans for Restrictive Policy

EUR/USD manages to hold above the December 2002 low (0.9859) even as a growing number of Fed officials show a greater willingness to push the benchmark interest rate above neutral, but the bearish momentum behind the exchange rate looks poised to persist as the Relative Strength Index (RSI) sits in oversold territory.

Image of DailyFX Economic Calendar for US

At the same time, the update to the US Retail Sales report may generate a bearish reaction in EUR/USD as private sector consumption is expected to rebound 0.8% in June, and a positive development may encourage the Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC) to adjust the forward guidance for monetary policy as Governor Christopher Waller insists that “further increases in the target range will be needed to make monetary policy restrictive.”

As a result, EUR/USD may face headwinds ahead of the European Central Bank (ECB) meeting on July 21 as the Governing Council prepares to implement a 50bp rate hike, and the different pace in normalizing monetary policy may keep the exchange rate under pressure as the FOMC steps up its effort to combat inflation.

In turn, EUR/USD may continue to trade to fresh yearly lows as it tracks the negative slope in the 50-Day SMA (1.0483), but the tilt in retail sentiment looks poised to persist as traders have been net-long the pair for most of 2022.

Image of IG Client Sentiment for EUR/USD rate

The IG Client Sentiment report shows 74.13% of traders are currently net-long EUR/USD, with the ratio of traders long to short standing at 2.87 to 1.

The number of traders net-long is 2.23% higher than yesterday and 2.59% higher from last week, while the number of traders net-short is 5.64% lower than yesterday and 1.91% higher from last week. the rise in net-long interest has fueled the crowding behavior as 72.80% of traders were net-long EUR/USD earlier this week, while the rise in net-short position comes as the exchange rate trades to a fresh yearly low (0.9952).

With that said, a rebound in US Retail Sales may drag on EUR/USD as it raises the Fed’s scope to implement a restrictive policy, and the exchange rate may attempt to test the December 2002 low (0.9859) as long as the RSI holds below 30.

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EUR/USD Rate Daily Chart

Image of EUR/USD rate daily chart

Source: Trading View

  • EUR/USD initiates a series of lower highs and lows as it traders to a fresh yearly low (0.9952), with Relative Strength Index (RSI) sitting in oversold territory for the fourth time in 2022.
  • The weakness in EUR/USD is likely to persist as long as the RSI holds below 30, with a break/close below the Fibonacci overlap around 0.9910 (78.6% retracement) to 0.9950 (50% expansion) raising the scope for a test of the December 2002 low (0.9859).
  • Failure to defend the October 2002 low (0.9685) may push EUR/USD towards the September 2002 low (0.9608), with the next area of interest coming in around 0.9530 (61.8% expansion).
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--- Written by David Song, Currency Strategist

Follow me on Twitter at @DavidJSong

DailyFX provides forex news and technical analysis on the trends that influence the global currency markets.