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Trading the News: Reserve Bank of New Zealand (RBNZ) Interest Rate Decision

More of the same from the Reserve Bank of New Zealand (RBNZ) may generate fresh yearly lows in NZD/USD as the central bank keeps the official cash rate (OCR) at the record-low and remains reluctant to normalize monetary policy.

Image of DailyFX economic calendar

The RBNZ seems reluctant to alter the forward guidance as inflation continues to run below the 2% target, and the central bank may keep the door open to further support the New Zealand economy especially as the growth rate slows to an annualized 2.7% from 2.9% in the last three-months of 2017. In turn, a batch of cautious comments may fuel the bearish behavior in NZD/USD as it saps bets for a rate-hike in 2018.

However, an unexpected change in the forward guidance for monetary policy may curb the recent weakness in NZD/USD, with the pair at risk for a near-term recovery should Governor Arian Orr & Co. show a greater willingness to lift the cash rate off of the record-low. Sign up and join DailyFX Currency Analyst David Song LIVE for a broader discussion on current themes and potential trade setups!

Impact that the RBNZ rate decision had on NZD/USD during the previous meeting


Data Released



Pips Change

(1 Hour post event )

Pips Change

(End of Day post event)



05/09/2018 21:00:00 GMT





May 2018Reserve Bank of New Zealand (RBNZ) Interest Rate Decision

NZD/USD 10-Minute Chart

Image of NZDUSD 10-Minute chart

The Reserve Bank of New Zealand (RBNZ) kept the official cash rate (OCR) at the record-low of .175% in May, and it seems as though the central bank remains in no rush to alter the monetary policy outlook as Governor Orr argues that ‘the direction of our next move is equally balanced, up or down.’ Even though the ‘recent growth in demand has been delivered by an unprecedented increase in employment,’ it seems as though the RBNZ will stick to the wait-and-see approach in 2018 as ‘the emerging capacity constraints are projected to see New Zealand’s consumer price inflation gradually rise to our 2 percent annual target.

The New Zealand dollar struggled to hold its ground following the dovish comments, with NZD/USD pulling back from the 0.6980 region to close the day at 0.6962. Learn more with the DailyFX Advanced Guide for Trading the News.

NZD/USD Daily Chart

Image of NZDUSD daily chart
  • NZD/USD stands at risk for further losses as it extends the series of lower highs & lows from earlier this week, with recent developments in the Relative Strength Index (RSI) highlighting a similar dynamic as the oscillator flirts with oversold territory.
  • Near-term outlook remains capped by the 0.6940 (61.8% expansion) to 0.6960 (38.2% retracement) region, and a break/close below the 0.6780 (100% expansion) to 0.6790 (50% expansion) area raises the risk for a move towards the Fibonacci overlap around 0.6710 (61.8% expansion) to 0.6720 (61.8% expansion).

Additional Trading Resources

New to the currency market? Want a better understanding of the different approaches for trading? Start by downloading and reviewing the DailyFX Beginners Guide!

Are you looking to improve your trading approach? Review the ‘Traits of a Successful Trader series on how to effectively use leverage along with other best practices that any trader can follow.

--- Written by David Song, Currency Analyst

Follow me on Twitter at @DavidJSong.