The Real Power of OPEC Will Be Revealed in Q1 2017
- OPEC intentions will be compared to shale output in Q1 2017 for true effect
- Bullish positioning swells following OPEC deal per CFTC into year-end
For traders who like to simplify the markets to a game of supply vs. demand, the Oil market in Q1 2017 should be their World Cup. Heading into the New Year, the OPEC and non-OPEC members will cut supply to the agreed upon amounts. Given this intent, the International Energy Agency (IEA) says recent OPEC action would place the Oil market into a supply deficit. The deficit would be engineered on a mixture of consistent demand combined with OPEC and other producers following through on their pledge to cut supply starting January 1. The view of consistent demand has been supported by consistent inventory draws reported by the Department of Energy as forecasted inventory builds were repeatedly confronted with actual inventory draws in late 2016.
In Vienna, OPEC announced they anticipate ~600,000 fewerbarrels per day of production in H1, 2017. Along with this, the IEA also increased its forecast for global oil demand in 2017 by 100k bpd, stating consumption is likely to rise by 1.4% to 97.6 million barrels a day. In mid-December when non-OPEC producers like Russia, Mexico, and others aligned with OPEC to help balance the over-supply imbalance, Saudi Oil Minister Khalid Al-Falih said at the post-meeting press conference in Vienna that he is willing to cut the Saudi’s production even deeper than already promised. OPEC has agreed to reduce output by 1.2mn bpd from next year with Saudi cutting as much as 486k bpd.
With the IEA forecasted balance of supply and demand moving from H2 2017 to H1 2017, many will look to U.S. Shale production to see if they can negate much of what OPEC is attempting to accomplish.
How the U.S. producer’s respond and impact global Oil markets may be determined as the market gets a better idea of how the President-Elect’s energy policy as well as how well OPEC members and agreeing non-members hold to the commitment to cut. There is a presumption of an Energy friendly U.S. administration as Exxon CEO; Rex Tillerson was tapped to become the Secretary of State and Independent E&P CEOs expect less interference and environmental taxes from the government toward reaching desired production amounts.
As of mid-December, speculators in Oil added more long positions to match the highest levels since late October. Investor positioning data showed a +45% increase in money manager net long positions on crude to 723k lots (per the COT). To sustain this elevated level of investor positioning, and therefore oil prices, then investors will likely have to remain convinced that the deal remains credible as cuts are confirmed in the first months of 2017 as export/production data is released, and that US rig counts won’t increase too rapidly.
Lastly, while many are looking for prices to move aggressively higher, it is worth noting OPEC is not specifically targeting higher price levels, but rather market balance. Therefore, we could see an increase in production if demand is anticipated to pick up or U.S. E&P’s are seen taking too much market share, which would limit the potential upside.
Technicals: Crude Oil Price Consolidates Recent Gains
Crude oil price continues to maintain some wind to its sails though we are anticipating some sideways trade during Q1 with the potential for drift higher later in the year. Crude oil prices may spend a good portion of the quarter between $40 and $57.
Crude oil price has been reacting positively to the 200 day simple moving average bouncing off the line twice during the previous quarter. This makes seven successful turns in the past 19 months with one failed pivot. Now that the moving average is trending higher, it will become more difficult for prices to hold above it. Do not be surprised to see a false break below this line in Q1.
Many of the technical patterns are incomplete to the topside. However, that does not prevent a dip in price. If the 200-day simple moving average cannot hold, then look for price to test the topside of the weekly Ichimoku cloud near $43 (not shown).
The key level to watch for Bulls is around $40. Below there and the market is at risk of a greater sell-off. As long as prices are above $40, the door is open for sideways and possibly higher trade.
Crude Oil Daily Price Chart
OilDaily Chart Created by Jeremy Wagner, Head Trade Instructor with Trading View Charts on DailyFX.com
Written by Tyler Yell, Forex Trading Instructor and Jeremy Wagner, Head Forex Trading Instructor for DailyFX.com
DailyFX Market Opinions
Any opinions, news, research, analyses, prices, or other information contained in this report is provided as general market commentary, and does not constitute investment advice. DailyFX will not accept liability for any loss or damage, including without limitation to, any loss of profit, which may arise directly or indirectly from use of or reliance on such information.
Accuracy of Information
The content in this report is subject to change at any time without notice, and is provided for the sole purpose of assisting traders to make independent investment decisions. DailyFX has taken reasonable measures to ensure the accuracy of the information in the report, however, does not guarantee its accuracy, and will not accept liability for any loss or damage which may arise directly or indirectly from the content or your inability to access the website, for any delay in or failure of the transmission or the receipt of any instruction or notifications sent through this website.
This report is not intended for distribution, or use by, any person in any country where such distribution or use would be contrary to local law or regulation. None of the services or investments referred to in this report are available to persons residing in any country where the provision of such services or investments would be contrary to local law or regulation. It is the responsibility of visitors to this website to ascertain the terms of and comply with any local law or regulation to which they are subject.
High Risk Investment
Trading foreign exchange on margin carries a high level of risk, and may not be suitable for all investors. The high degree of leverage can work against you as well as for you. Before deciding to trade foreign exchange you should carefully consider your investment objectives, level of experience, and risk appetite. The possibility exists that you could sustain losses in excess of your initial investment. You should be aware of all the risks associated with foreign exchange trading, and seek advice from an independent financial advisor if you have any doubts.
DailyFX provides forex news and technical analysis on the trends that influence the global currency markets.