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US Dollar Weakness to Linger as Fed Extends USD Swap Lines

US Dollar Weakness to Linger as Fed Extends USD Swap Lines

Rich Dvorak, Analyst

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USD PRICE OUTLOOK – US DOLLAR PRESSURED LOWER POST-FOMC DECISION TO EXTEND FX SWAP LINES; CHAIR POWELL REPLENISHES PROVERBIAL PUNCH BOWL

  • US Dollar perched near intraday lows following the latest FOMC decision
  • Fed officials agreed to extend US Dollar swap lines and repo operations
  • USD price action pressured with Federal Reserve accommodation set to stay

A sharply weaker US Dollar has garnered quite a bit of attention from market participants over recent trading sessions. The DXY Index, a broad basket of top currency pairs, is pacing a big drop for July and the latest Fed meeting looks to emphasize US Dollar selling pressure.

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This follows word from FOMC officials who agreed to extend US Dollar currency swaps with other major central banks until March 31, 2021. The Federal Reserve extending FX basis swaps looks to continue alleviating strains on US Dollar funding costs introduced at the onset of the global coronavirus pandemic.

DXY INDEX – US DOLLAR PRICE CHART: 5-MINUTE TIME FRAME (29 JULY 2020 INTRADAY)

DXY Index Price Chart US Dollar Reaction to FOMC Decision July 2020

Chart created by @RichDvorakFX with TradingView

The Greenback extended lower immediately after the FOMC statement crossed the wires and into the follow-up press conference from Fed Chair Powell. The head central banker echoed a need for a prolongment of accommodative monetary policy measures due to the considerable risk that COVID-19 still poses to economic outlook over the medium-term.

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As Fed Chair Powell was delivering his speech and answering questions, the US Dollar suddenly began to spike higher, but quickly drifted back lower. The move looked predominantly driven by short-lived profit taking by Euro and Sterling bulls.

EUR/USD PRICE CHART: 1-HOUR TIME FRAME (23 JULY TO 29 JULY 2020)

EURUSD Price Chart US Dollar to Euro

EUR/USD price action ripped higher and pierced the 1.1800-handle as US Dollar weakness accelerated on the back of the FOMC decision. After flirting with this psychologically-significant barrier of technical resistance, spot EUR/USD surrendered some of those gains, though the Euro held its short-term 8-hour moving average and remains notably higher on the day.

GBP/USD PRICE CHART: 1-HOUR TIME FRAME (23 JULY TO 29 JULY 2020)

GBPUSD Price Chart US Dollar to Pound Sterling

The cable staged a similar reaction with GBP/USD price action ripping then dipping then recovering in the wake of the FOMC and Fed Chair Powell. After briefly eclipsing the 1.3000-price level, the Pound-Dollar slipped about 50-pips from its intraday. The move lower subsided as spot GBP/USD probed the 1.2950-mark with the major currency pair bouncing back towards session highs.

GBP/USD Bullish
Data provided by
of clients are net long. of clients are net short.
Change in Longs Shorts OI
Daily -8% -4% -6%
Weekly -4% 8% 3%
What does it mean for price action?
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Looking forward, there is potential for the US Dollar to continue its bearish trend with the Fed committed to keeping financial conditions loose as the economy attempts to recover from the sharpest decline expected in GDP growth on record. Perhaps lower Treasury yields, which likely follows sustained Fed asset purchases of Treasuries, in addition to lower measures of expected market volatility suggested by the S&P 500 VIX ‘fear-gauge’, could underscore the current-standing bearish USD narrative.

Keep Reading – King Dollar Dethroned as EUR/USD Surges, DXY Hits 2-Year Low

-- Written by Rich Dvorak, Analyst for DailyFX.com

Connect with @RichDvorakFX on Twitter for real-time market insight

DailyFX provides forex news and technical analysis on the trends that influence the global currency markets.

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