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NZD/USD Vulnerable amid Failure to Retain January Opening Range

NZD/USD Vulnerable amid Failure to Retain January Opening Range

David Song, Strategist

New Zealand Dollar Talking Points

NZD/USDattempts to retrace the decline from the start of the week as the US Dollar weakens on the back of improving investor confidence, but failure to preserve the monthly opening range may lead to a larger correction in the exchange rate amid the ongoing rise in longer-dated Treasury yields.


NZD/USD Vulnerable amid Failure to Retain January Opening Range

The recent series of lower highs and lows in NZD/USD appears to be unraveling as it bounces back from a fresh monthly low (0.7146), and a further improvement in risk appetite may generate a larger rebound in the exchange rate as the US Dollar still reflects an inverse relationship with inverse confidence.

However, NZD/USD may face a larger correction ahead of next Federal Reserve interest rate decision on January 27 as the US Dollar Index (DXY) is in bounce mode, and it remains to be seen if the central bank will adjust the forward guidance in 2021 as the minutes from the December meeting reveal that “a couple of participants indicated that they were open to weighting purchases of Treasury securities toward longer maturities.

The outcome based approach laid out by the Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC) suggests the central bank will rely on its non-standard tools to achieve its policy targets as Vice-Chair Richard Clarida insists that the Fed “will continue to increase our holdings of Treasury securities by at least $80 billion per month and our holdings of agency mortgage-backed securities by at least $40 billion per month until substantial further progress has been made toward our maximum-employment and price-stability goals.”

Looking ahead, Fed officials may change their tone over the coming months as “a number of participants noted that, once such progress had been attained, a gradual tapering of purchases could begin,” but the update to the US Non-Farm Payrolls (NFP) may encourage Chairman Jerome Powell and Co. to retain the current course for monetary policy as the FOMC plans to “achieve inflation moderately above 2 percent for some time so that inflation averages 2 percent over time.”

In turn, key market themes may continue to influence NZD/USD ahead of the Fed’s first meeting for 2021, and it looks as though the tilt in retail sentiment will also persist as the crowding behavior from the first half of 2020 resurfaces.

Image of IG Client Sentiment for NZD/USD rate

The IG Client Sentiment report shows 38.92% of traders are currently net-long NZD/USD, with the ratio of traders short to long standing at 1.57 to 1. The number of traders net-long is 24.60% higher than yesterday and 28.22% higher from last week, while the number of traders net-short is 3.19% higher than yesterday and 12.61% lower from last week.

The surge in net-long interest has helped to alleviate the tilt in retail sentiment as only 35.05% of traders were net-long NZD/USD during the previous week, while the recent rise in net-short interest comes as the exchange rate bounces back from a fresh monthly low (0.7146).

With that said, the pullback from the January high (0.7315) may end up being an exhaustion in the broader trend rather than a change in NZD/USD behavior, but failure to preserve the monthly opening range may lead to a larger correction in the exchange rate as the Relative Strength Index (RSI) no longer tracks the upward trend established in the second half of 2020.

NZD/USD Rate Daily Chart

Image of NZD/USD rate daily chart

Source: Trading View

  • Keep in mind, NZD/USD cleared the June 2018 high (0.7060) during the previous month as it climbed to a fresh yearly highs throughout December, with the Relative Strength Index (RSI) pushing into overbought territory during the same period as the oscillator established an upward trend in the second half of 2020.
  • NZD/USD took out the 2020 high (0.7241) during the first week of January to come up against the Fibonacci overlap around 0.7330 (38.2% retracement) to 0.7350 (23.6% expansion), with the bullish price action pushing the RSI into overbought territory.
  • However, the move above 70 was short lived as the RSI failed to retain the upward trend carried over from 2020, with the oscillator indicating a textbook sell signal during the first week of January as it quickly fell back from overbought territory.
  • Lack of momentum to hold above 0.7260 (78.6% expansion) has brought the 0.7070 (61.8% expansion) to 0.7110 (38.2% expansion) region back on the radar, with the next area of interest coming in around 0.6930 (23.6% expansion) to 0.6960 (38.2% retracement).

--- Written by David Song, Currency Strategist

Follow me on Twitter at @DavidJSong

DailyFX provides forex news and technical analysis on the trends that influence the global currency markets.