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GBP/USD Range Snaps, RSI Remains Extreme Ahead of BoE, FOMC Rhetoric

GBP/USD Range Snaps, RSI Remains Extreme Ahead of BoE, FOMC Rhetoric

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GBP/USD snaps the range from the previous week following a bulk of data coming out of the U.K. & U.S. economy, and fresh rhetoric from Bank of England (BoE) and Federal Reserve officials may largely influence the exchange rate over the coming days as market participants weigh the outlook for monetary policy. Recent price action keeps the near-term outlook tiled to the downside as the Relative Strength Index (RSI) continues to flash an extreme reading, with the momentum indicator still trading in oversold territory.

Image of daily change for major currencies


Image of daily change for GBPUSD

The limited reaction to the 197K expansion in U.K. employment suggests the figures were largely overshadowed by the 31.2K rise in claims for unemployment benefits, with the mixed prints for Average Weekly Earnings likely to keep the Bank of England (BoE) on the sidelines at the next meeting on June 21 as ‘inflation is projected to fall back slightly more quickly than in February.’ In turn, BoE Chief Economist Andrew Haldane may largely tame expectations for an imminent rate-hike as the Monetary Policy Committee (MPC) member is scheduled to speak later this week, and a slew of dovish rhetoric may generate headwinds for the British Pound as Governor Mark Carney and Co. appear to be in no rush to further normalize monetary policy.

Image of Fed Fund Futures

In contrast, the 0.3% expansion in U.S. Retail Sales paired with the unexpected uptick in the Empire Manufacturing survey is likely to keep the Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC) on course to deliver higher borrowing-costs over the coming months as it instills an improved outlook for growth and inflation. As a result, a growing number of FOMC officials may adopt a more hawkish tone as San Francisco Fed President John Williams, Atlanta Fed President Raphael Bostic, Cleveland Fed President Loretta Mester and Governor Lael Brainard are all slated to speak over the remainder of the week, and the fresh comments may heighten the appeal of the greenback should the 2018-voting members show a greater willingness to implement four rate-hikes in 2018.

However, more of the same from Fed officials may rattle the recent strength in the greenback as the central bank continues to project a terminal benchmark interest rate of 2.75% to 3.00%, and it seems as though Chairman Jerome Powell and Co. will tolerate above-target price growth for the foreseeable future as ‘inflation on a 12-month basis is expected to run near the Committee's symmetric 2 percent objective over the medium term.’


Image of GBPUSD daily chart
  • GBP/USD remains vulnerable to further losses as long as the Relative Strength Index (RSI) holds below 30, and the bearish momentum may reassert itself over the coming days as the oscillator appears to be pushing deeper into oversold territory.
  • The string of failed attempts to close above 1.3560 (50% expansion) may open up the downside targets as GBP/USD snaps the range from the previous week, with a break/close below the 1.3440 (38.2% expansion) to 1.3460 (50% expansion) region raising the risk for a move towards 1.3370 (78.6% expansion).
  • Next area of interest coming in around 1.3280 (23.6% expansion) to 1.3300 (100% expansion), which largely lines up with the December-low (1.3302).

For more in-depth analysis, check out the Q2 Forecast for the British Pound

Interested in having a broader discussion on current market themes? Sign up and join DailyFX Currency Analyst David Song LIVE for an opportunity to discuss potential trade setups!

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--- Written by David Song, Currency Analyst

Follow me on Twitter at @DavidJSong.

DailyFX provides forex news and technical analysis on the trends that influence the global currency markets.