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EUR/USD Fundamental Forecast: Parity in Reach as Headwinds Accrue

EUR/USD Fundamental Forecast: Parity in Reach as Headwinds Accrue


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Euro Fundamental Forecast: Bearish

  • Germany records first trade deficit in 30 years as imported energy prices take hold
  • Is the ECB too late to hike rates and Germany’s main gas pipeline to undergo routine maintenance from next week
  • Major risk events: ZEW sentiment, US CPI, retail sales data and Michigan consumer sentiment
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Fundamental Headaches Accrue for the Euro

Germany’s First Trade Deficit Since 1991

In May Germany recorded its first trade deficit since 1991 as the higher cost of imports compounded a decline in exports. In the end, the eurozone’s largest economy recorded a 1 billion euros trade deficit after a surplus of 3.1 billion euros in April. To put the move into context, the May 2021 surplus was as high as 13.4 billion euros which highlights the negative effects of higher imported inflation as a result of the Russian invasion.

German Imports vs Exports since Jan 2021

The trade deficit adds to a number of concerns in the EU as markets look for clues on growth slow downs and potentially, a recession.

Has the Boat Already Sailed for the ECB’s First Rate Hike?

The ECB is set to achieve lift-off this month with a 25 basis point hike at a time when the economy is showing signs of stress. Hiking into a weakening outlook is extremely tricky and has the potential to cause havoc for sovereign bond yields of the EU’s more indebted nations. The Fed has already hiked by 150 basis points, the BoE by 115 basis points and the Bank of Canada by 125 basis points.

ECB President Christine Lagarde introduced the concept of an anti-fragmentation tool at last months rate setting meeting but refused to go into any more detail than that. It could be a matter of the ECB looking to keep their powder dry until such time as they are required to act in order to prevent a blowout in periphery bond yields.

Will Russia Resume Sub-Optimal Gas Flows Once Pipeline Maintenance is Complete?

One of the newest and potentially devastating risks to the euro appears in the form of Russian gas. Russia has been delivering far less gas than requested by Germany, blaming this on the delays in getting equipment back from Canada due to sanctions on Russia. Germany’s main gas pipeline, Nord Stream 1, is due to undergo routine maintenance From Monday the 11th of July to the 21st of July with some commentators highlighting this as an opportunity for Russia to politicize gas. Germany has already been placed on phase 2 of 3 of its emergency gas plan and could result in gas rationing if the issue persists.

EUR/USD Daily Chart: Parity Within Touching Distance

Source: TradingView, prepared by Richard Snow

Major Risk Events for the Week Ahead

The US dominates the high importance scheduled risk events over the next 7 days as the ZEW economic sentiment index makes up the solitary, EU-centric data print. Markets will undoubtedly await the US CPI inflation data (June) to gauge whether recent aggressive rate hikes are having any material effect in slowing inflation.

Friday rounds out the week with US retail sales data for June which appears to be positive from early estimates, in contrast the May figure of -0.2%. Lastly, the University of Michigan’s consumer sentiment index is forecasted to print below the 50 mark – indicating a rather pessimistic outlook for individuals’ prospects.

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--- Written by Richard Snow for

Contact and follow Richard on Twitter: @RichardSnowFX

DailyFX provides forex news and technical analysis on the trends that influence the global currency markets.