We use a range of cookies to give you the best possible browsing experience. By continuing to use this website, you agree to our use of cookies.
You can learn more about our cookie policy here, or by following the link at the bottom of any page on our site.

Free Trading Guides
of clients are net long.
of clients are net short.
Long Short

Note: Low and High figures are for the trading day.

Data provided by
Oil - US Crude
More View more

DailyFX PLUS Content Now Available Freely to all DailyFX Users

Real Time News
  • Central bank independence has several advantages. Find out what they are in detail with @MartinSEssex here: https://t.co/wVFXbbTxf1 https://t.co/cQQmuH8biQ
  • The US Dollar remains in consolidation mode against the Philippine Peso and Indian Rupee. Will the Singapore Dollar weaken as $USDSGD rising support holds ahead? Find out from @ddubrovskyFX here: https://t.co/HZ8Loqj3Ey https://t.co/6PCFkdj3ka
  • Follow @DailyFXedu for your regular #webinar updates with @DailyFX analysts and catch up on the webinars you missed. https://t.co/Da10QUg9r1
  • Greed has proven to be a hindrance more than assistance for traders. How does greed lead to #FOMOintrading? Find out from @RichardSnowFX here: https://t.co/aT8TZjlFqP https://t.co/Le8Qx6OOwV
  • $GBPUSD at the moment break-even straddles = 152pips meaning that for option traders to realize gains, the spot price must see a move greater than 152pips. Get your market update from @JMcQueenFX here: https://t.co/odj2lLRrGf https://t.co/RXCBwHGluG
  • $EURGBP has fallen over 6% since August and is now rapidly approaching a critical support level not reached since May. Will a break below accelerate the aggressive selloff? Find out from @ZabelinDimitri here: https://t.co/CBM8Fg7vM0 https://t.co/0yDnEpzQqR
  • The #Euro is struggling for direction against the US Dollar but the near-term downtrend guiding it lower since late June remains firmly intact. Where is $EURUSD heading? Get your technical analysis from @IlyaSpivak here: https://t.co/us6AINmuoe https://t.co/J4hQtyprYf
  • $DXY & $SPX500 hold steady after #FED rate cut. Get your update from @JohnKicklighter here: https://t.co/vqXlKCMDYA
  • Dow Jones & Dax 30 levels to watch ahead of the fed from @PeterHanksFX here: https://t.co/iUIrsygKz2
  • The politics of the US and UK may be starkly divided but their grip on the vast, $6.6 trillion global foreign exchange trade seems as tight as ever. Get your market update from @DavidCottleFX here:https://t.co/xTKHOvrIqg https://t.co/vtHhdnF82Q
How to Separate the Strong from the Weak

How to Separate the Strong from the Weak

2012-07-13 18:00:00
James Stanley, Currency Strategist

When a trader buys or sells a currency pair – they are simultaneously going long one currency and short another. To traders coming from other markets, this concept may initially sound vexing, but it really isn’t all that different than stocks.

After all, if we are trading in Google or Apple in the United States, but using Euro’s to do it – there is a currency transaction going on there, right?

The table below would show how a trader could find the price of Apple in Euros, assuming a closing price of $600 on Apple with a price of 1.25 on EUR/USD.

How to Separate the Strong from the Weak

Finding Equal Footing

One of the difficulties that can arise when comparing currency pairs to each other is the fact that each pair has its own price structure (just because GBPUSD is trading at 1.55 and AUDUSD is trading at 1.025, GBP is not necessarily 'better' than AUD).

So the first thing that we need to do when comparing pairs is to equalize the differences between all of the available pairings.

We can do this by focusing on ‘major’ pairs – or those pairs that have the US Dollar in them. By comparing all currencies with the USD in them, we can then begin to make an ‘apples-to-apples’ comparison of each.

We can start by setting up a very simple table of the major currency pairs:

How to Separate the Strong from the Weak

A sample table when setting up Strong/Weak Analysis

Setting the Time Frame

The next step is to decide on the period of time with which we want to analyze. For traders utilizing multiple time frame analysis, they would want to look at the longer-term ‘trend’ chart for this part of the process.

For this article, we will walk through the time frames commonly utilized by the ‘short-term trader,’ in which trades are being placed on the one hour chart and trends analyzed on the 4-hour.

How to Separate the Strong from the Weak

Common Multiple Time Frame Analysis Intervals; From The Time Frames of Trading

Because trades are being placed on the hourly chart, the trader would want to perform their strength analysis on the longer time frame ‘trend’ chart.

The trader can navigate to the 4-hour chart, and measure the change for each of the aforementioned currency pairs. The chart below will illustrate how this can be done on the AUDUSD currency pair:

How to Separate the Strong from the Weak

Created with Marketscope/ Trading Station

The trader notices that the AUDUSD currency pair made a low in the market on the 7/12/2012 bar at 09:00, with a low price of 1.0099.

The trader can then observe current market price, and notice that since this low point was hit on 7/12/2012 at 09:00, price has moved up 113 pips.

How to Separate the Strong from the Weak

Created with Marketscope/ Trading Station

Our trader can then record these numbers in the simple table we created a little earlier:

How to Separate the Strong from the Weak

And then we can move on to the next currency pair. This time, we’ll observe what’s happened in EURUSD over the same period:

How to Separate the Strong from the Weak

Created with Marketscope/ Trading Station

After performing the same type of analysis on EURUSD, we discover that the low price of the 07/12/2012 09:00 candle was 1.2172, with a current market price of 1.2235. This means that EURUSD showed a 63 pip gain over the same period that AUDUSD showed a 113 pip gain. We can record this data and move on to the next currency pair until we’ve completed the table.

How to Separate the Strong from the Weak

Once the table is complete, we can then begin to see which currencies have been strongest or weakest against our common currency: The US Dollar.

The first thing we may notice is that the US Dollar lost against each of the 7 observed currency pairings. Of note here – the top 4 pairs listed in the table were USD counter-currency pairings, in which weakness in the US Dollar would equate to gains in the pair. The last 3 pairings listed are pairs in which the US Dollar is the base currency; and losses in these pairs would equate to US Dollar weakness.

From our table, we can see that NZD has been the strongest currency against the US Dollar, as NZDUSD had gained 1.156% against USD since the 07/12/2012 09:00 low that we had previously observed.

Despite the fact that the AUDUSD currency pair had gained over 20 pips more than NZDUSD, the percentage gain of NZDUSD would offer the trader a sign that there was more strength to have been found in NZD as opposed to AUD.

We can then order our table from strongest to weakest.

How to Separate the Strong from the Weak

Now that we know which currencies have shown the most strength, and which have shown the most weakness – we can integrate this data into our approach; whether that approach is short-term, long-term, or swing trading – we can do the same type of analysis to provide additional insight into which pairings we may want to be looking at.

In our next article, we’ll look at how we can use this information in our strategies to focus on pairings that may be most amenable to our goals.

--- Written by James B. Stanley

You can follow James on Twitter @JStanleyFX.

Additional Resources:

How to Build a Complete Trading Strategy

provides forex news and technical analysis on the trends that influence the global currency markets.


News & Analysis at your fingertips.