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Monthly Forex Seasonality - December 2020: End of Year Favors EUR, NZD Strength; USD Weakness

Monthly Forex Seasonality - December 2020: End of Year Favors EUR, NZD Strength; USD Weakness

Christopher Vecchio, CFA, Senior Strategist
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December Forex Seasonality Overview:

  • December typically brings cheer for the Australian and New Zealand Dollars, while the US Dollar is left with coal.
  • DXY Index weakness, seasonally, can be attributed to its largest component, the Euro (57.6% of weighting), and the Canadian Dollar (9.1% of weighting).
  • December hasn’t brought the Santa Claus Rally for US stocks in recent years, but gold prices have tended to do quite well in the last month of trading.

Seasonal Trends Not in US Dollar's Favor

The beginning of the month warrants a review of the seasonal patterns that have influenced forex markets over the past several years. For December, our focus is on the trailing 5-year and 10-year performances, both of which fully capture trading during the era of quantitative easing and expanding government deficits since the 2008/2009 Global Financial Crisis.

Monthly Forex Seasonality Summary – December 2020 (Chart 1)

Monthly Forex Seasonality - December 2020: End of Year Favors EUR, NZD Strength; USD Weakness

Forex Seasonality in Euro (via EUR/USD) (Chart 2)

Monthly Forex Seasonality - December 2020: End of Year Favors EUR, NZD Strength; USD Weakness

December is a very bullish month for EUR/USD, from a seasonality perspective. Over the past 5-years, it has been the best month of the year for the pair, averaging a gain of +1.21%. Over the past 10-years, it has been the third best month of the year, averaging a gain of +0.54%.

Forex Seasonality in British Pound (via GBP/USD) (Chart 3)

Monthly Forex Seasonality - December 2020: End of Year Favors EUR, NZD Strength; USD Weakness

December is a neutral month for GBP/USD, from a seasonality perspective. Over the past 5-years, it has been the fifth best month of the year for the pair, averaging a loss of -0.19%. Over the past 10-years, it has been the fifth best month of the year, averaging a gain of +0.06%.

Forex Seasonality in Japanese Yen (via USD/JPY) (Chart 4)

Monthly Forex Seasonality - December 2020: End of Year Favors EUR, NZD Strength; USD Weakness

December is a neutral month for USD/JPY, from a seasonality perspective. Over the past 5-years, it has been the eighth best month of the year for the pair, averaging a loss of -0.85%. Over the past 10-years, it has been the sixth best month of the year, averaging a gain of +0.07%.

Forex Seasonality in Australian Dollar (via AUD/USD) (Chart 5)

Monthly Forex Seasonality - December 2020: End of Year Favors EUR, NZD Strength; USD Weakness

December is a moderately bullish month for AUD/USD, from a seasonality perspective. Over the past 5-years, it has been the fourth best month of the year for the pair, averaging a gain of +0.39%. Over the past 10-years, it has been the seventh best month of the year, averaging a gain of +0.16%.

Forex Seasonality in New Zealand Dollar (via NZD/USD) (Chart 6)

Monthly Forex Seasonality - December 2020: End of Year Favors EUR, NZD Strength; USD Weakness

December is a very bullish month for NZD/USD, from a seasonality perspective. Over the past 5-years, it has been the best month of the year for the pair, averaging a gain of +1.65%. Over the past 10-years, it has been the best month of the year, averaging a gain of +1.45%.

Forex Seasonality in Canadian Dollar (via USD/CAD) (Chart 7)

Monthly Forex Seasonality - December 2020: End of Year Favors EUR, NZD Strength; USD Weakness

December is a moderately bullish month for USD/CAD, from a seasonality perspective. Over the past 5-years, it has been the eighth best month of the year for the pair, averaging a gain of +0.29%. Over the past 10-years, it has been the seventh best month of the year, averaging a gain of +0.07%.

Forex Seasonality in Swiss Franc (via USD/CHF) (Chart 8)

Monthly Forex Seasonality - December 2020: End of Year Favors EUR, NZD Strength; USD Weakness

December is a very bearish month for USD/CHF, from a seasonality perspective. Over the past 5-years, it has been the second worst month of the year for the pair, averaging a loss of -1.67%. Over the past 10-years, it has been the second worst month of the year, averaging a loss of -1.22%.

Seasonality in US S&P 500 (Chart 9)

Monthly Forex Seasonality - December 2020: End of Year Favors EUR, NZD Strength; USD Weakness

December is a neutral month for the US S&P 500, from a seasonality perspective. Over the past 5-years, it has been the worst month of the year for the index, averaging a loss of -1.05%. Over the past 10-years, it has been the ninth best month of the year, averaging a gain of +0.48%.

Seasonality in Gold (via XAU/USD) (Chart 10)

Monthly Forex Seasonality - December 2020: End of Year Favors EUR, NZD Strength; USD Weakness

December is a very bullish month for gold (XAU/USD), from a seasonality perspective. Over the past 5-years, it has been the fourth best month of the year for the precious metal, averaging a gain of +1.67%. Over the past 10-years, it has been the fifth worst month of the year, averaging a loss of -0.45%.

--- Written by Christopher Vecchio, CFA, Senior Currency Strategist

DailyFX provides forex news and technical analysis on the trends that influence the global currency markets.

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