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Indian Rupee Risks Reversing as USD/INR Gains on RBI Rate Hold, Bond Purchase News

Indian Rupee Risks Reversing as USD/INR Gains on RBI Rate Hold, Bond Purchase News

Daniel Dubrovsky, Contributing Senior Strategist


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Indian Rupee, USD/INR, RBI April Rate Hold, Technical Analysis - Talking Points

  • Indian Rupee weakened after RBI left benchmark repo rate at 4% in April
  • Dovish stance and INR1 trillion bond buy plan cooled hawkish estimates
  • USD/INR attempting to push above key falling zone of resistance from 2020
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The Indian Rupee weakened as the Reserve Bank of India left its benchmark repurchase rate unchanged at 4.00% in April, as expected. The central bank also maintained its accommodative stance for as long as growth is secured. But, it also unveiled a 1 trillion Rupee government bond purchasing plan (via the secondary market) as the central bank reiterated its commitment to ensuring an orderly evolution of yield curves.

RBI Rate Decision, Governor Shaktikanta Das Highlights (Via Bloomberg)

  • The recent infection surge imparted greater uncertainty on the growth outlook
  • Prospects of 2021 – 2022 have strengthened
  • The surge in Covid cases could delay demand
  • Fiscal and monetary authorities are ready to act
  • Indian inflation was revised to 5% for the fourth quarter, food CPI to depend on monsoons
  • We are committed to ensuring ample liquidity
  • To conduct longer maturity variable reverse repurchases
  • To ensure an orderly evolution of yield curves
  • To extend the deadline for targeted long-term refinancing operations (TLTROs) by 6 months

The Indian Rupee remains weaker than where it was at the start of February, particularly amid some gains in the US Dollar. Rising longer-term Treasury rates have been reverberating outward, even pushing the RBI to tame local rising yields. This has been fueling some volatility in Emerging Market equities, and India is no exception. The Nifty 50 sits around the same level as it was back in late January.

Currencies from developing markets can be quite sensitive to capital flows. So seeing INR under pressure should be unsurprising as investors adjusted portfolio allocations. But in addition to volatility risk, weakness in the Rupee may have also been due to the markets too aggressively pricing in a hawkish RBI at first – as expected. This is despite relatively dovish commentary from Governor Shaktikanta Das.

This was underscored recently when the nation reaffirmed the central bank’s 2 – 6% inflation target for fiscal year 2022 – 2026. So perhaps INR investors were disappointed that there was not a more aggressive approach. You can see this on the chart below, where I compared INR/USD versus the RBI implied rate one year out via forward curves.

With that in mind, continuing to keep an eye on Indian inflation data will be key. The next CPI report is due on April 12th. Inflation is expected to clock in at 5.45% y/y in March, up from 5.03%, but still within target. There may be room for USD/INR upside if RBI hawkish bets continue to slowly unwind, particularly given the recent resurgence in local Covid cases.

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Indian Rupee Versus RBI Rate Hike Bets

Indian Rupee Versus RBI Rate Hike Bets

Indian Rupee Technical Analysis

USD/INR is attempting to push above a familiar zone of falling resistance from March 2020. This has been maintaining the medium-term downtrend. At the same time, the pair recently bounced off long-term rising support from 2011. Pushing higher exposes key resistance at 74.1030 before opening the door to retesting November highs. A turn lower and subsequent breakout under 2011 support could open the door to revisiting lows from September 2019.

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USD/INR Daily Chart

USD/INR Daily Chart

USD/INR Chart Created in TradingView

--- Written by Daniel Dubrovsky, Strategist for

To contact Daniel, use the comments section below or @ddubrovskyFX on Twitter

DailyFX provides forex news and technical analysis on the trends that influence the global currency markets.