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US-China Trade War: China Agrees to Slash Auto Tariffs, Dow Retreats

US-China Trade War: China Agrees to Slash Auto Tariffs, Dow Retreats

Peter Hanks, Strategist


Talking Points:

  • The announcement is a significant step forward in the US-China trade war
  • Dow, S&P 500 dipped into the red as the news may have been leaked earlier Tuesday morning
  • The agreement could contribute to a shift in sentiment on US-China trade talks which were thought to be deadlocked

A substantial step forward in the US-China trade war was cemented Tuesday morning after China’s Vice Premier Liu He announced a reduction in tariffs on US autos from 40 percent to 15 percent. The change will make American cars considerably more affordable in the world’s largest market but perhaps more importantly, signifies the two nations are willing to negotiate after being locked in a bitter economic stalemate for months. The progress comes amid concerns from many analysts that the arrest of Huawei’s CFO would derail any good will built between the parties and stall talks.

Despite the arrest, negotiations are set to continue between top officials in the coming days. Reports that China will once again purchase US agricultural products, most notably soybeans, have circulated but an official announcement has not yet been made. While Tuesday’s agreement was conducted over the phone Mr. Liu has announced he will travel to Washington “after the new year” to conduct talks in person. These discussions will likely take place within the 90-day trade truce that expires on March 1st.

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Tuesday’s progress could also spark a shift in sentiment regarding future trade war discussions. Markets may once again view discussion as an upside risk, a factor largely absent in recent weeks after the trade-truce was deemed underwhelming by many and geopolitical risks spurred a risk-off attitude. With that in mind, equity markets still managed to retrace most of their early morning gains.

Dow Jones Price Chart 15-Minute, December 11th (Chart 1)

dow jones price chart china auto tariffs

After a robust rally in early hours, the Dow and S&P 500 slowly forfeited their gains to trade near even for the day. Despite the mid-day trade war announcement, reports of the deal circulated earlier in the session which likely contributed to the gap higher and non-reaction when officially announced.

General Motors Price Chart 15-Minute, December 11th (Chart 2)

gm price chart us china trade war

Unsurprisingly, shares of US automakers Ford, General Motors and Chrysler also gapped higher at the open but managed to hold onto most of their gains even as the trading session progressed.

Markets will now look to the verdict on Chinese purchases of US agricultural products to drive trade-war progress and sentiment. While those discussions may still be a work in progress, Tuesday’s announcement is a victory for US automakers and broader equity sentiment.

--Written by Peter Hanks, Junior Analyst for

Contact and follow Peter on Twitter @PeterHanksFX

Read more: EUR/USD Caught in Congestion as USD Extends Fibonacci Support Bounce

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