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US Dollar Falls as FOMC Holds Rates, Raises Concern Over Low Inflation

US Dollar Falls as FOMC Holds Rates, Raises Concern Over Low Inflation

Christopher Vecchio, CFA,

Talking Points:

- FOMC keeps rates unchanged as expected; Fed funds were pricing a 0% chance of a hike today.

- Fed’s July policy statement suggests that balance sheet unwind will start “relatively soon,” a change in language from “later this year” in the June statement.

- Concerns about inflation remaining “somewhat below” 2% in the near-term seem to be the focus for markets, which has been seen as a dovish blush; the US Dollar is down.

The Federal Open Market Committee shocked no one today when they announced they would hold the main overnight benchmark rate into a range of 1.00-1.25%, as was priced into the market well in advance of today’s policy meeting. Ahead of the decision, Fed funds futures were implying a 0% chance of a rate move today. After all, it was an ‘off-cycle’ meeting in which no new summary of economic projections (SEPs) were released nor was there a press conference by Fed Chair Janet Yellen.

Unfortunately for the beleaguered US Dollar, the FOMC’s July policy statement wasn’t hawkish enough to stem recent bleeding. While the Fed did say that risks to the economic outlook appear “roughly balanced,” they also noted that inflation is expected to stay “somewhat below” 2% in the near-term.

Accordingly, despite the fact that the FOMC also noted that the balance sheet unwind will start “relatively soon,” a change in language from “later this year” in the June statement, the policy statement contained too much concern over inflation to spark US Dollar strength.

After the Fed’s policy decision, the market-implied glide path of interest rates remained little changed. Ahead of the rate decision, markets were pricing in a 60% chance of a 25-bps in March 2018; after, markets were pricing in a 55% chance of a hike in March 2018.

See the DailyFX economic calendar for Wednesday, July 26, 2017

Chart 1: DXY Index 1-minute Chart (July 26, 2017 Intraday)

Following the rate decision, the US Dollar slipped back versus the Euro and the Japanese Yen, with the Dollar Index (DXY) falling from 94.08 ahead of the FOMC decision to as low as 93.68. DXY Index was trading at 93.75 at the time this report was written.

Read more: Preview for July FOMC Decision & Outlook for USD-pairs, JPY-crosses

--- Written by Christopher Vecchio, Senior Currency Strategist

To contact Christopher Vecchio, e-mail

Follow him on Twitter at @CVecchioFX

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DailyFX provides forex news and technical analysis on the trends that influence the global currency markets.