Skip to Content
News & Analysis at your fingertips.

We use a range of cookies to give you the best possible browsing experience. By continuing to use this website, you agree to our use of cookies.
You can learn more about our cookie policy here, or by following the link at the bottom of any page on our site. See our updated Privacy Policy here.

Free Trading Guides
Please try again

Live Webinar Events


Economic Calendar Events


Notify me about

Live Webinar Events
Economic Calendar Events






More View More
USD/CAD Spikes After Canadian CPI and Retail Sales Miss Market Consensus

USD/CAD Spikes After Canadian CPI and Retail Sales Miss Market Consensus

Diego Colman, Contributing Strategist


Talking Points:

- September Canadian CPI at +0.1% m/m and +1.3% y/y; Core CPI at +0.2% m/m and +1.8% y/y

- August Canadian Retail Sales at -0.1% m/m versus +0.3% expected.

- Check out the DailyFX economic data calendar for market moving releases in the upcoming days.

Inflation rose modestly in September following a 0.20% slump in August, as low energy prices and persistent excess capacity remained a drag on consumer prices.

Statistics Canada reported that the September Headline CPI Index rose +0.10% m/m and +1.3% y/y. Analysts surveyed by Bloomberg News had anticipated a +0.20% m/m and +1.4% y/y increase. Meanwhile, Core Inflation, which strips eight of the most volatile components of the consumer basket rose +0.2% m/m and +1.8% y/y in line with forecasts.

Bank of Canada adopted an inflation-targeting regime in 1991 and seeks to achieve an inflation mid-point goal of 2.0%. Policy makers, however, have been unable to hit that mark since the outset of the year amid ongoing economic slack and depressed energy prices; an indication that monetary policy may remain accommodative for a protracted period of time.

In a separate release, the National Statistics Agency said that Retail Sales contracted-0.1% in August after a revised -0.2% decline in July. Meanwhile, Retail Sales excluding Auto came in flat (0.0%) following a -0.2% drop in the previous month. The worsening retail sales report highlights the many challenges the economy faces and suggests consumer spending may be insufficient to fuel sustained economic growth even as fiscal policy (Child Benefit Program) aimed at stimulating consumption kicks in.

The flurry of data today comes amid a mixed and uncertain economic backdrop mostly characterized by stubbornly low inflation and anemic economic activity. Even as policy makers have sought to downplay the faltering economy in the past, it has become increasingly more evident that recovery will be very gradual and more subdued than originally anticipated. The Bank of Canada latest Monetary Policy Report evinces this negative development as policy makers downgraded Inflation and GDP alike for both 2016 and 2017 amid material excess capacity and as the profile for exports and the real estate sector had deteriorated.

Here’s a summary of the Canadian data:

- CAD Consumer Price Index (SEP): +0.1% m/m, +1.3% y/y versus +0.2% m/m, +1.4% y/y expected.

- CAD Core Consumer Price Index (SEP): +0.2%m/m, +1.8%y/y in line with market consensus

- CAD Retail Sales (AUG): -0.1% m/m versus +0.3% expected from a downward revised -0.2%

- CAD Retail Sales Ex. Auto(AUG): 0.0 m/m versus +0.3% expected from from a revised -0.2%

See the DailyFX economic calendar for Friday, October 21, 2016.

Chart 1: USD/CAD 1-minute Chart Intraday (Oct 21, 2016)

Immediately after the batch of economic data, USD/CAD spiked as high to C$1.33211 as weak CPI and Retail Sales in numbers in Canada point to a deterioration in economic conditions in the country and suggest policy makers will maintain monetary accomodation for as long as necessary to fuel a sustained and healthy recovery.

Read more: USD/CAD Reverses Losses as BOC Reveals Dovish Intentions

--- Written by Diego Colman, DailyFX Research

For comments or questions regarding this article, email

DailyFX provides forex news and technical analysis on the trends that influence the global currency markets.