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Fed Tapers QE3 to $65B/Month - US Dollar Volatile, Slightly Higher

Fed Tapers QE3 to $65B/Month - US Dollar Volatile, Slightly Higher

Christopher Vecchio, CFA, Senior Strategist

Talking Points:

- Federal Reserve cuts MBS, Treasury purchases by $5B each; QE3 now $65B/month.

- Further cuts to QE3 data dependent, but FOMC believes economy “picking up.”

- AUDUSD and USDJPY big swings; EURUSD and GBPUSD barely move.

The Federal Reserve was kind enough to not surprise market participants this month, cutting its QE3 stimulus program by $10B as was largely expected – and was clearly signaled. After a weak December NFP report, speculation over the expected pace of QE3 diverged, but a mostly overlooked factor may have had a big impact in the weakness in US economic data in December and January: the binding cold spells.

Whether this weather intrusion is the culprit or if it’s something worse – a legitimate slowing of the economy – a disinterested and confident attitude has prevailed at the Fed. The economy has evidently accelerated with the Unemployment Rate having fallen to 6.7% in December. Any near-term weakness in data – particularly consumption data – could see a rebound with US Consumer Confidence having accelerated by to 80.7 in December, its highest level since August.

Here are the new figures as the taper cuts forward:

- Main Refinancing Rate: on hold at 0.25% as expected.

- Treasury Purchases: -$5B to $35B/month.

- MBS Purchases: -$5B to $30B/month.

= Total QE3= -$10B to $65M/month.

US_Dollar_Edges_Higher_as_Fed_Tapers_QE3_to_65BMonth_body_Chart_1.png, Fed Tapers QE3 to $65B/Month - US Dollar Volatile, Slightly Higher

Market participants have taken the taper and ensuing policy statement in a mixed fashion. Initially, the US Dollar was stronger across the board, as US yields edged higher on the headline announcement of the $10B taper. However, with the US 10-year Treasury Note yield falling to 2.677% (-7.1-bps) on the day, it’s evident that the Fed’s tapering is continuing to fuel earlier emerging market fears; the move into Treasuries is driven by a demand for safety.

USDJPY 1-minute Chart: January 29, 2014 Intraday

US_Dollar_Edges_Higher_as_Fed_Tapers_QE3_to_65BMonth_body_x0000_i1028.png, Fed Tapers QE3 to $65B/Month - US Dollar Volatile, Slightly Higher

Charts Created using Marketscopeprepared by Christopher Vecchio

The volatility in underlying yields was evident given the sporadic price action of various US Dollar pairs after the report. The USDJPY, for one, remained barely, trading from ¥102.04 to as high as 102.35, and as low as 101.84. At the time this report was written, the pair was trading at 102.09.

AUDUSD 1-minute Chart: January 29, 2014 Intraday

US_Dollar_Edges_Higher_as_Fed_Tapers_QE3_to_65BMonth_body_x0000_i1029.png, Fed Tapers QE3 to $65B/Month - US Dollar Volatile, Slightly Higher

Charts Created using Marketscopeprepared by Christopher Vecchio

The AUDUSD traded in a 40-pip range, seeing similar volatility. After opening at $0.8770, the pair dropped to a low of 0.8731. A failure at the pre-FOMC highs has led to the next round of selling, and the AUDUSD was trading at 0.8737 at the time of writing.

--- Written by Christopher Vecchio, Currency Analyst

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DailyFX provides forex news and technical analysis on the trends that influence the global currency markets.