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EUR/USD Post-ECB Rally Eyes January High with US NFP Report on Tap

EUR/USD Post-ECB Rally Eyes January High with US NFP Report on Tap

David Song, Strategist

EUR/USD Rate Talking Points

EUR/USD rallies to a fresh monthly high (1.1451) as the European Central Bank (ECB) adjusts the forward guidance for monetary policy, and the exchange rate may trade to fresh yearly highs as it appears to be on track to test the January high (1.1483).

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EUR/USD Post-ECB Rally Eyes January High with US NFP Report on Tap

EUR/USD extends the advance from the January low (1.1121) as the ECB plans to conclude thePandemic Emergency Purchase Programme (PEPP) at the end of March, and it seems as though the central bank will switch gears later this year as “inflation is likely to remain elevated for longer than previously expected.”

The hawkish tone suggests the ECB will lift the benchmark interest rate off of the record low in 2022 as the central bank pledges to “adjust all of our instruments, as appropriate, to ensure that inflation stabilises at its two per cent target over the medium term,” and the Governing Council may layout a more detailed exit strategy over the coming months as President Christine Lagarde vows to “take the right steps at the right time.”

As a result, speculation for a looming change in regime may shore up the Euro as President Lagarde acknowledges that the “situation has changed,” and it seems as though the ECB will continue to adjust the forward guidance in 2022 as the central bank is slated to publish fresh forecasts at its next meeting on March 10.

Image of DailyFX Economic Calendar for US

Until then, EUR/USD may stage a larger correction as it appears to be on track to test the January high (1.1483), and it remains to be seen if the US Non-Farm Payrolls (NFP) report will derail the recent advance in the exchange rate as the economy is anticipated to add 150K jobs in January.

However, another weaker-than-expected NFP report may keep EUR/USD afloat as it puts pressure on the Federal Reserve to delay normalizing monetary policy, and a further appreciation in the exchange rate may fuel the recent flip in retail sentiment like the behavior seen during the previous year.

Image of IG Client Sentiment for EUR/USD rate

The IG Client Sentiment report shows 42.73% of traders are currently net-long EUR/USD with the ratio of traders short to long standing at 1.34 to 1.

The number of traders net-long is 23.89% lower than yesterday and 42.80% lower from last week, while the number of traders net-short is 18.82% higher than yesterday and 72.01% higher from last week. The drop in net-long position comes as EUR/USD climbs to a fresh monthly high (1.1451), while the jump in net-short interest has led to a shift in retail sentiment as 63.80% of traders were net-long the pair last week.

With that said, it remains to be seen if the advance from the January low (1.1121) will turn out to be a correction in the broader trend as the Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC) looks to winddown its balance sheet in 2022, but the exchange rate may trade to fresh yearly highs as it appears to be on track to test the January high (1.1483).

EUR/USD Rate Daily Chart

Image of EUR/USD rate daily chart

Source: Trading View

  • Keep in mind, EUR/USD traded to fresh yearly lows in the second half of 2021 as the advance from the March low (1.1704) failed to produce a test of the January high (1.2350), and the bearish trend looks poised to persist as the 200-Day SMA (1.1680) retains the negative slope carried over from the previous year.
  • EUR/USD managed to clear the July 2020 low (1.1185) after failing to defend the 2021 range, but lack of momentum to break/close below the 1.1120 (50% expansion) region has spurred a near-term correction in the exchange rate, with the break/close above the 1.1290 (61.8% retracement) to 1.1310 (100% expansion) zone pushing Euro Dollar towards the January high (1.1483).
  • EUR/USD may trade to fresh yearly highs if it manages toclear the Fibonacci overlap around 1.1450 (50% retracement) to 1.1490 (50% retracement), with a break above the November high (1.1609) opening up the 1.1670 (78.6% expansion) to 1.1710 (61.8% retracement) region, which lines up with the October high (1.1692).
  • However, failure to break/close above the Fibonacci overlap around 1.1450 (50% retracement) to 1.1490 (50% retracement) may keep EUR/USD within the January range, with a move below the 1.1290 (61.8% retracement) to 1.1310 (23.6% expansion) region bringing the 1.1190 (38.2% retracement) to 1.1220 (78.6% retracement) area back on the radar.

--- Written by David Song, Currency Strategist

Follow me on Twitter at @DavidJSong

DailyFX provides forex news and technical analysis on the trends that influence the global currency markets.

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