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Gold Price May Ride the Tailwind of Virus Uncertainty, Soft US Dollar

Gold Price May Ride the Tailwind of Virus Uncertainty, Soft US Dollar

Margaret Yang, CFA, Former Strategist
Spot gold price chart

Source: IG Charts

GOLD FUNDAMENTAL OUTLOOK: BULLISH

  • Gold price may rise as global virus uncertainty boosts demand for safety
  • US Dollar weakness amid accommodative central bank policy could provide support
  • Downside risk lies with weaker demand from China and India, as consumers may hold back spending

Gold Price Macro Outlook:

Gold prices have recently broken out above a key level at US$ 1,750 and edged higher. Global growth uncertainties resulting from the coronavirus and concerns over the economic recovery is inhibiting risk appetite and boosting demand for safety. As the likelihood of a pause in opening-up rises alongside Covid-19 cases around the globe, investors may look at precious metals as a defensive choice compared to stocks and bonds. The recent rally in gold prices and selloff in the Wall Street is reflecting a swing down of risk sentiment.

Gold price has exhibited correlations with mining companies (positive), central bank money supply (positive), underlying demand (positive), inflation (negative), the US Dollar Index (negative) and the broad stock market (negative). A summary of the observed correlation is summarized in the table below. Surging money supply from the Fed and other central banks around the world suggests more liquidity are injected into the financial system, and thus would may buoy gold prices. A softening US Dollar in recent weeks has further propelled commodity prices, including crude oil and precious metals.

Gold prices

Source: Bloomberg, DailyFX

Gold Demand Outlook:

Physical demand for gold, however, is a bit tricky. A slowdown in the global economy as a result of the Covid-19 pandemic may quench investors’ demand for jewelry, watches and investment in the physical gold. In Asia, the slowdown of China’s economy, which remains world’s largest purchaser of the metal for jewelry and investment purposes, may hurt consumers’ gold spending this year. Last year, China’s demand for gold has already fallen by 14% YoY due to trade war and macro headwinds. The overall annual consumption of gold this year is expected to remain below 2018’s peak.

Source: Bloomberg

Gold Price Forecast:

Gold’s forward price curve is in a contango, with far-dated price trading higher than the near date’s. However, a poll by Bloomberg suggest gold price may consolidate at 1,700 through to Q4 this year and even drop to 1,600 in 2022 (table below). This suggests how divergent the opinions from traders and economists are on gold prices.

For short-term traders, the best barometer for gold prices is perhaps the US Dollar Index, which is liquid and readily available for viewing in many platforms. The negative correlation between gold price and the US Dollar Index is -0.29 over a 1-year horizon, despite having fallen to -0.12 over the last 30 trading sessions.

Gold $/t ozSpotQ2 20Q3 20Q4 20Q1 212020202120222023
Current forward price176117301732179217961702180018141835
Forecast (Median)16801700170017131669169016001640
Diff (Median - Curr)-50-32-92-83-33-110-214-195

Source: Bloomberg

Source: Bloomberg

--- Written by Margaret Yang, Strategist for DailyFX.com

To contact Margaret, use the Comments section below or @margaretyjy on Twitter

DailyFX provides forex news and technical analysis on the trends that influence the global currency markets.

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