EUR/JPY Rates Rebound at Risk as ECB Flags Tweaks to Inflation Target
EUR/JPY, ECB, Average Inflation Targeting, Deflation Fears – Talking Points:
- A risk-on tilt was seen throughout Asia-Pacific trade as investors cheered progress in US fiscal aid talks.
- The European Central Bank’s potential adoption of average inflation targeting (AIT) may weigh on the Euro.
- EUR/JPY rates rebound from multi-month lows may be running out steam as price struggles to break above key resistance.
Equity markets marched higher during Asia-Pacific trade as investors cheered signs of progress in Congressional stimulus negotiations.
Looking ahead, a slew of manufacturing PMI figures out of Europe may prove market-moving ahead of US initial jobless claims data for the week ending September 26.
Market reaction chart created using TradingView
ECB Inflation Target Adjustment May Weigh on Euro
Upcoming inflation data out of Europe may put further pressure on the European Central Bank to do more to support the trading bloc’s nascent economic recovery, as consumer prices declined on a yearly basis for the first time since May 2016 and the annual core inflation rate fell to a record low of 0.4% in August.
In fact, it seems as though the ECB may mirror the Federal Reserve’s recent adjustment to its mandated 2% target and adopt a flexible form of average inflation targeting (AIT), as President Christine Lagarde stated that “the wider discussion today is whether central banks should commit to explicitly make up for inflation misses when they have spent quite some time below their inflation goals” at a scheduled speech on September 30.
Lagarde added that if AIT proves to be a credible strategy it could serve to “strengthen the capacity of monetary policy to stabilise the economy when faced with the lower bound because the promise of inflation overshooting raises inflation expectations and therefore lowers real interest rates”.
Euro Area Core Inflation Rate (1997-Present)
Therefore, with the annual inflation rate in the Euro-zone averaging a paltry 1.2% over the last 12 years and a ‘second wave’ of Covid-19 infections threatening to force the reimposition of economically-devastating restrictions, an expansion of the €1.35 Pandemic Emergency Purchase Program (PEPP) could be on the table by the end of the year.
However, the suggestion by some committee members that “the flexibility of the pandemic emergency purchase programme suggested that the net purchase envelope should be considering a ceiling rather than a target”, indicates that the central bank may not hold a unanimous view on the way forward for its monetary policy response.
Nevertheless, disappointing economic data and deteriorating health outcomes could force the hand of the ECB, with the provision of additional monetary stimulus probably weighing on the Euro in the near-term.
EUR/JPY Daily Chart - 21-DMA Stifling Buying Pressure
As noted in previous reports, EUR/JPY rates have pulled back significantly since breaking below Rising Wedge support and the August 6 swing-high (125.59), with price falling over 3.5% since setting the post-crisis high on September 1 (127.07).
However, with price perched constructively above the 100-day moving average (122.97) and the RSI attempting to break back above its neutral midpoint, a retest of the yearly high (126.85) is hardly out of the question.
Moreover, a bullish crossover on the MACD indicator may encourage would-be buyers and ultimately signal the resumption of the primary uptrend, if EUR/JPY can successfully hurdle confluent resistance at the June high (124.43) and downtrend extending from the 2020 high (126.85).
Conversely, a daily close back below the 124.00 level could induce a more sustained pullback and bring support at the September low (122.38) into focus.
EUR/JPY daily chart created using TradingView
-- Written by Daniel Moss, Analyst for DailyFX
Follow me on Twitter @DanielGMoss
DailyFX provides forex news and technical analysis on the trends that influence the global currency markets.