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Trading the News: Reserve Bank of Australia (RBA) Interest Rate Decision

The Reserve Bank of Australia (RBA) interest rate decision may shake up the near-term outlook for AUDUSD as the central bank is widely expected to cut the official cash rate (OCR) to a fresh record-low of 1.25%.

Image of DailyFX economic calendar

The RBA looks poised to further insulate the economy as the trade dispute between the U.S. and China, Australia’s largest trading partner, dampens the outlook for global growth, and the central bank may implement lower interest rates throughout the remainder of the year as official insist that “without an easing in monetary policy over the next six months, growth and inflation outcomes would be expected to be less favourable than the central scenario.

In turn, a 25bp rate-cut paired with a batch of dovish rhetoric is likely to drag on AUDUSD as Governor Philip Lowe & Co. reestablish the rate easing cycle and push monetary policy into uncharted territory.

However, the RBA may stick to the sidelines as recent updates to Australia’s Employment report suggest discourage workers are returning to the labor force, and more of the same from Governor Lowe & Co. may trigger a bullish reaction in AUDUSD as the central bank remains in no rush to implement lower interest rates.

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Impact that the RBA interest rate decision had on AUD/USD during the last meeting

Period

Data Released

Estimate

Actual

Pips Change

(1 Hour post event )

Pips Change

(End of Day post event)

MAY

2019

05/07/2019 04:30:00 GMT

1.25%

1.50%

+35

+13

May 2019 Reserve Bank of Australia (RBA) Interest Rate Decision

AUD/USD 5-Minute Chart

Image of audusd 5-minute chart

The Reserve Bank of Australia (RBA) kept the official cash rate (OCR) at 1.50% in May despite speculation for a 25bp rate-cut, and it seems as though the central bank will retain the current policy for the foreseeable future as officials pledge to pay “close attention to developments in the labour market at its upcoming meetings.

However, the RBA appears to be change its tune as “the inflation data for the March quarter were noticeably lower than expected,” and it may be just a matter of time before the central bank reestablishes its rate easing cycle as “a further improvement in the labour market was likely to be needed for inflation to be consistent with the target.”

The Australian dollar gained ground as the RBA stuck to the sidelines, with AUD/USD climbing above the 0.7000 handle to close the day at 0.7012. Learn more with the DailyFX Advanced Guide for Trading the News.

AUD/USD Rate Daily Chart

Image of audusd daily chart
  • Keep in mind, the AUD/USD rebound following the currency market flash-crash has been capped by the 200-Day SMA (0.7127), with the exchange rate marking another failed attempt to break/close above the moving average in April.
  • In turn, AUD/USD remains at risk of giving back the rebound from the 2019-low (0.6745) as the wedge/triangle formation in both price and the Relative Strength Index (RSI) unravels.
  • However, the failed attempts to break/close below the Fibonacci overlap around 0.6850 (78.6% expansion) to 0.6880 (23.6% retracement) raises the risk for a larger rebound especially as the RSI bounces back from oversold territory.
  • The move back above the 0.6950 (61.8% expansion) to 0.6960 (38.2% retracement) region brings the 0.7020 (50% retracement) pivot on the radar, with the next area of interest coming in around 0.7080 (61.8% retracement) to 0.7110 (78.6% retracement).
  • Need a break/close below the 0.6850 (78.6% expansion) to 0.6880 (23.6% retracement) region to bring the downside targets back on the radar, with the next hurdle coming in around 0.6730 (100% expansion).

Additional Trading Resources

New to the currency market? Want a better understanding of the different approaches for trading? Start by downloading and reviewing the DailyFX Beginners Guide.

Are you looking to improve your trading approach? Review the ‘Traits of a Successful Trader series on how to effectively use leverage along with other best practices that any trader can follow.

--- Written by David Song, Currency Strategist

Follow me on Twitter at @DavidJSong.