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Trading the News: Reserve Bank of New Zealand (RBNZ) Interest Rate Decision

The Reserve Bank of New Zealand (RBNZ) interest rate decision may curb the recent advance in NZD/USD as the central bank is widely expected to keep the official cash rate (OCR) at the record-low of 1.75% in November.

Image of DailyFX economic calendar

It seems as though the RBNZ will stick to the current script at its last meeting for 2018 as officials pledge to ‘keep the OCR at an expansionary level for a considerable period,’ and Governor Adrian Orr & Co. may continue to strike a dovish forward-guidance in 2019 as ‘trade tensions remain in some major economies, increasing the risk that ongoing increases in trade barriers could undermine global growth.

As a result, more of the same from the RBNZ may drag on the New Zealand dollar, but signs of strong job/wage growth may push the central bank to soften its dovish tone amid ‘early signs of core inflation rising towards the mid-point of the target.’ With that said, a material shift in monetary policy outlook may ultimately fuel the recent advance in NZD/USD as it boosts bets for an RBNZ rate-hike in 2019. Sign up and join DailyFX Currency Analyst David Song LIVE for an opportunity to discuss potential trade setups.

Impact that RBNZ rate decision has had on NZD/USD during the previous meeting

Period

Data Released

Estimate

Actual

Pips Change

(1 Hour post event )

Pips Change

(End of Day post event)

SEP

2018

09/26/2018 21:00:00 GMT

1.75%

1.75%

+7

-45

September 2018 Reserve Bank of New Zealand (RBNZ) Interest Rate Decision

NZD/USD 5-Minute Chart

Image of nzdusd 5-minute chart

The Reserve Bank of New Zealand (RBNZ) kept the official cash rate (OCR) at the record-low of 1.75% in September and it seems as though the central bank is in no rush to alter the monetary policy outlook as officials ‘expect to keep the OCR at this level through 2019 and into 2020.’ It seems as though the RBNZ will keep the door open to further support the economy as ‘consumer price inflation remains below the 2 percent mid-point of our target,’ and the central bank may continue to strike a dovish tone next year ‘downside risks to the growth outlook remain.

More of the same from the RBNZ sparked a mixed reaction in the New Zealand dollar, with NZD/USD quickly pulling back from the 0.6680 region to close the day at 0.6611. Learn more with the DailyFX Advanced Guide for Trading the News.

NZD/USD Daily Chart

Image of nzdusd daily chart
  • Keep in mind, the broader outlook for NZD/USD is no longer bearish as both price and the Relative Strength Index (RSI) break out of the bearish formations from earlier this year, with the exchange rate at risk of extending the series of higher highs & lows from earlier this week as the bullish momentum appears to be gathering pace.
  • Will closely watch the RSI as it pushes into overbought territory for the first time since the start of the year, with the oscillator warning of a larger correction in the exchange rate as long as it holds above 70.
  • Need a close above the 0.6780 (100% expansion) to 0.6790 (50% expansion) area to open up the Fibonacci overlap around 0.6820 (23.6% retracement) to 0.6870 (78.6% expansion), with the next region of interest coming in around 0.6930 (23.6% expansion) to 0.6960 (38.2% retracement).

Additional Trading Resources

New to the currency market? Want a better understanding of the different approaches for trading? Start by downloading and reviewing the DailyFX Beginners Guide.

Are you looking to improve your trading approach? Review the ‘Traits of a Successful Trader series on how to effectively use leverage along with other best practices that any trader can follow.

--- Written by David Song, Currency Analyst

Follow me on Twitter at @DavidJSong.