We use a range of cookies to give you the best possible browsing experience. By continuing to use this website, you agree to our use of cookies.
You can learn more about our cookie policy here, or by following the link at the bottom of any page on our site.

Free Trading Guides
EUR/USD
Bullish
Low
High
of clients are net long.
of clients are net short.
Long Short

Note: Low and High figures are for the trading day.

Data provided by
GBP/USD
Mixed
USD/JPY
Bullish
Gold
Bullish
Oil - US Crude
Bullish
Low
High
of clients are net long.
of clients are net short.
Long Short

Note: Low and High figures are for the trading day.

Data provided by
Bitcoin
Mixed
More View more
Real Time News
  • LIVE IN 45 MINUTES: Join @JStanleyFX as he runs through price action set-ups for the FX and CFDs market. https://www.dailyfx.com/registerToSeminar?webinar=1338844901231735299&utm_source=Twitter&utm_medium=DFXGeneric&utm_campaign=twr
  • Crude #oil prices just spiked on reports that #OPEC and its allies are considering deeper production cuts which could be announced at the oil cartel’s December meeting. Get your market update from @RichDvorakFX here: https://t.co/8bY75Qy0J4 #OOTT https://t.co/VJvgRMYl5j
  • UK PM Johnson threatens to pull attempt to pass Brexit deal and go straight to election if MP's defeat him tonight and vote for another delay -BBG
  • RT @carlquintanilla: $BA https://t.co/oZmArpiTE3
  • RT @SebastianEPayne: 💥 @FinancialTimes analysis of Commons arithmetic for the programme motion vote tonight suggests Boris could lose by -3…
  • RT @PaulBrandITV: No 10 source: “PM will be calling EU leaders tonight making clear our policy remains that we leave on 31/10 and that no d…
  • RT @Reuters: UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson says he will push for an election if lawmakers reject #Brexit timetable https://t.co/rI3YkwGwQ…
  • RT @bankofcanada: Our autumn #Business Outlook Survey indicates that business sentiment in Canada has improved slightly, but regional diffe…
  • Join @JStanleyFX 's #webinar at 1:00 PM ET/5:00 PM GMT for his weekly update on trading price action. Register here: https://t.co/yu1uNFb2tm https://t.co/P5aGgi6Mrw
  • Indices Update: As of 16:00, these are your best and worst performers based on the London trading schedule: Wall Street: 0.12% US 500: 0.08% France 40: 0.02% Germany 30: -0.06% View the performance of all markets via https://www.dailyfx.com/forex-rates#indices https://t.co/9y7n617O06
Chinese Yuan, Hong Kong Dollar Eye on Central Banks' Defense At Key Levels

Chinese Yuan, Hong Kong Dollar Eye on Central Banks' Defense At Key Levels

2018-08-17 21:23:00
Renee Mu, Currency Analyst
Share:

USD/CNH chart

FUNDAMENTAL FORECAST FOR CNH: Neutral

How to trade news? Learn with DailyFX Free Trading Guides!

  • PBOC stepped in twice when the USD/CNH broke above 6.90, a key threshold below 7.0.
  • US-China Trade war and weak Chinese fundamentals add difficulties to support the Yuan.
  • USD/HKD touched the lower limit of 7.85, a level that HKMA will continue to defend.

The offshore Chinese Yuan gained against the U.S. Dollar this week after nine consecutive losses, amid the PBOC’s further intervention to defend the Yuan. Overall, the Chinese currency rose against seven of the G10 currencies, except the CAD, JPY and NZD. The Hong Kong Dollar, used in one of China’s autonomous territories, touched the lower band of its pegged currency regime and triggered local monetary authority’s intervention. Looking forward, both currencies will continue to eye on policymakers for support, amid both internal and external pressure.

PBOC Watches USD/CNH’s Key Levels of 6.9 & 7.0

China’s Central Bank shut down channels for commercial banks to deposit or lend the Yuan to the offshore market through the free trade zone scheme, after the USD/CNH jumped above 6.90 on Wednesday. This basically tightened the offshore Yuan liquidity and increased the cost of Yuan short. Following the move, the USD/CNH fell back below 6.90.

USD/CNH 1-Week

Chinese Yuan, Hong Kong Dollar Eye on Central Banks' Defense At Key Levels

Two weeks, the PBOC hiked the reserve requirement ratio on FX forwards last week, after the USD/CNH hit above 6.90 for the first time in 15 months. Breaking above this level could spark further selling sentiment, as it approaches the record low level of 6.9865 for the Yuan. In addition, it leaves little buffer area before the rate can touch the critical psychological level of 7.0. The last time the Yuan at 7.0 was more than 10 years ago, even before the offshore Yuan exchange rate regime was introduced.

The PBOC has clearly stated in the Q2 report that it will counter against the excessive selling in the Yuan driven by sentiment. Coupled with resumed plunges in Chinese equities seen this week (Shanghai Composite Index dipped to 17-month low), calming markets will be one of the policymaker’s top priorities next week. Besides the above two uncommon measures, the regulator issues the daily reference rate, which has been held below 6.90 as well.

Challenges to Defend the Yuan

Uncertainties around the US-China trade war remain. The two parties will resume negotiations in late August but both have become cautious, with only Vice Ministers attending the meetings; this is downgraded from Minister-level-and-above meetings seen in April and May, when the two sides failed to reach a consensus. At the same time, the tit-for-tat attacks are underway: US tariffs on $16 billion Chinese goods, the second batch of a total $50 billion, will enter effect on August 23; China’s retaliation on the same amount of US goods will follow immediately. The uneased tensions in trade could dampen market sentiment in the Yuan.

China’s fundamentals are less likely to help much either. The July Retail Sales and Industrial Production both dropped from the last month and below expectations, hinting weak consumption and production. In addition, Fixed Assets Investment, which is considered to expand at around the same rate of GDP, set a new record-low of 5.5% in July. Besides the domestic difficulties, the contagion of high volatility in emerging-market currencies seen recently has the Yuan at risk as well.

HKMA Eyes on USD/HKD’s Key Level of 7.85

The USD/HKD touched 7.85, the lower limit for the Hong Kong Dollar’s trading band under the current pegged exchange rate regime. In order to maintain the regime, Hong Kong Monetary Authority (HKMA), which serves as an independent central bank in Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, purchased a total of HK$16.8 billion during three consecutive days from August 14. This is equivalent to sell US$2.1 billion to the market.

Read More: A Tale of Two Currencies: Hong Kong Dollar and Chinese Yuan

The recent plunge in emerging market currencies was a trigger to the Hong Kong Dollar’s weakness this week. Yet, the main contributor was the widened interest rate spread between the HKD and USD. Since the U.S. Fed began to increase rate in late March, the pressure on the Hong Kong Dollar has become intensified.

USD/HKD 1-Week

Chinese Yuan, Hong Kong Dollar Eye on Central Banks' Defense At Key Levels

On April 12, the USD/HKD hit 7.85 for the first time in 35 years. This triggered HKMA’s intervention for the first time since HKD’s trading band of 7.75 to 7.85 was set in 2005. Since then, the monetary authority has stepped in 18 times and purchased a total of HK$87.1 billion (US$11.1 billion) from the market. This cost about 2% of Hong Kong’s foreign reserves (US$424.3 billion, according to the July figure).

Next week, with the Jackson Hole meeting and FOMC minutes underway, the Hong Kong Dollar will likely continue to bear downward pressure, which means HKMA will need to continue to sell the USD and purchase the HKD to maintain the pegged exchange rate regime.

-- Written by Renee Mu, Currency Analyst with DailyFX

DailyFX provides forex news and technical analysis on the trends that influence the global currency markets.

DISCLOSURES

News & Analysis at your fingertips.