Central Bank Watch: BOC, RBA, & RBNZ Interest Rate Expectations Update
Central Bank Watch Overview:
- Delta variant concerns and political considerations are changing the narrative around the BOC, RBA, and RBNZ as September begins.
- The RBA has announced a ‘lower for longer’ strategy – reducing its asset purchases but extending the time horizon of purchases – while the BOC may temper its own stimulus withdrawal.
- Retail trader positioning suggests that the near-term outlook is mixed for the trio of major commodity currencies.
Central Banks Lose Their Nerve
In this edition of Central Bank Watch, we’re examining the rates markets around the Bank of Canada, Reserve Bank of Australia, and Reserve Bank of New Zealand. While the RBNZ has already blinked and backed away from tightening measures until at least October, it appears that the RBA and BOC having been facing down similar decisions. True, the RBA did just announce an alteration to its QE program – more on that shortly. For the BOC, which has its September policy meeting on the immediate horizon, a test of its commitment to stimulus withdrawal is on deck.
For more information on central banks, please visit the DailyFX Central Bank Release Calendar.
Bank of Canada Stimulus Withdrawal Proceeding?
The BOC pushed ahead with its stimulus reduction efforts in July, by tapering its QE program by C$1 billion, bringing its asset purchases to C$2 billion per week. Since then, however, the situation in Canada has deteriorated on two fronts: political stability has been upended ahead of the federal elections on September 20; and rising COVID-19 infections have undercut the economy’s gathering momentum.
This mix curates an environment that suggests that the BOC will be cautious at its September policy meeting this Wednesday, diminishing the likelihood of a further reduction in asset purchases in the near-term.
Bank of Canada Interest Rate Expectations (September 7, 2021) (Table 1)
If the BOC does indeed blink and put political and public health concerns at the forefront of its decision making this week, rates markets are foreseeing only a temporary pause in stimulus reduction efforts. Indeed, relative to mid-August when Canada overnight index swaps were pricing in a 4% chance of a 25-bps rate hike by the end of 2021 and the first 25-bps rate hike arriving in July 2022, there is now a 14% chance of a 25-bps rate hike by the end of the year and the first 25-bps rate hike is due to arrive in June 2022.
IG Client Sentiment Index: USD/CAD Rate Forecast (September 7, 2021) (Chart 1)
USD/CAD: Retail trader data shows 65.35% of traders are net-long with the ratio of traders long to short at 1.89 to 1. The number of traders net-long is 15.42% lower than yesterday and 15.85% lower from last week, while the number of traders net-short is 18.01% higher than yesterday and 22.97% higher from last week.
Yet traders are less net-long than yesterday and compared with last week. Recent changes in sentiment warn that the current USD/CAD price trend may soon reverse higher despite the fact traders remain net-long.
Reserve Bank of Australia’s ‘Lower for Longer’
Like in August, which produced a reduction in asset purchases by A$1 billion, the September policy meeting saw QE lighten its load by another A$1 billion to A$3 billion per week. However, the RBA is putting a twist on the phrase ‘lower for longer,’ by announcing that it would extend its QE program from November 2021 until February 2022. Thus, while the rate of asset purchases is now lower than previously, it will continue for several months longer than previously anticipated.
RESERVE BANK OF AUSTRALIA INTEREST RATE EXPECTATIONS (September 7, 2021) (TABLE 2)
The ‘lower for longer’ stance on the QE front has translated into a reduction in expectations that rate hikes are coming soon thereafter. Of course, tapering isn’t tightening, but it’s been long understood that the RBA’s QE program would be completely tapered off prior to any rate hikes. According to Australia overnight index swaps, there is a 29% chance of a rate cut through December 2021, down from 38% in mid-August.
IG Client Sentiment Index: AUD/USD Rate Forecast (SEPTEMBER 7, 2021) (Chart 2)
AUD/USD: Retail trader data shows 41.74% of traders are net-long with the ratio of traders short to long at 1.40 to 1. The number of traders net-long is 4.96% lower than yesterday and 17.88% lower from last week, while the number of traders net-short is 0.14% lower than yesterday and 22.79% higher from last week.
We typically take a contrarian view to crowd sentiment, and the fact traders are net-short suggests AUD/USD prices may continue to rise.
Traders are further net-short than yesterday and last week, and the combination of current sentiment and recent changes gives us a stronger AUD/USD-bullish contrarian trading bias.
RBNZ Back on Track?
After New Zealand entered a “level four lockdown” in mid-August, rate hike odds plummeted for the RBNZ meeting set to convene the following day. By delivering no rate move, the RBNZ inevitably tanked the Kiwi, which had previously been riding higher on the back of a 100% chance of a 25-bps rate hike in August. Now, containment of the latest COVID-19 infections has recalibrated expectations that the RBNZ will deliver on its tightening promise when it meets next in October.
RESERVE BANK OF NEW ZEALAND INTEREST RATE EXPECTATIONS (SEPTEMBER 7, 2021) (Table 3)
According to overnight index swaps for New Zealand, there is a 100% chance of a 25-bps rate hike when the RBNZ gathers next month. But that’s not all: there is also a 100% chance of a second 25-bps rate hike in November, and an 86% chance of a third 25-bps rate hike by February 2022. As vaccination rates accelerate in New Zealand, the ‘zero covid policy’ will fade away, giving the RBNZ clearance to act quickly to tighten monetary policy.
IG Client Sentiment Index: NZD/USD Rate Forecast (SEPTEMBER 7, 2021) (Chart 3)
NZD/USD: Retail trader data shows 30.22% of traders are net-long with the ratio of traders short to long at 2.31 to 1. The number of traders net-long is 2.19% higher than yesterday and 12.08% lower from last week, while the number of traders net-short is 0.37% lower than yesterday and 22.00% higher from last week.
We typically take a contrarian view to crowd sentiment, and the fact traders are net-short suggests NZD/USD prices may continue to rise.
Positioning is less net-short than yesterday but more net-short from last week. The combination of current sentiment and recent changes gives us a further mixed NZD/USD trading bias.
--- Written by Christopher Vecchio, CFA, Senior Strategist
DailyFX provides forex news and technical analysis on the trends that influence the global currency markets.