US Dollar ASEAN Ahead: IDR, MYR, Trade Talks, Bank of Indonesia
ASEAN Fundamental Outlook
- US Dollar trimmed gains vs ASEAN FX on US-China trade deal bets
- A turnaround in talks risks rekindling risk aversion as USD climbs
- USD/IDR eyes Bank of Indonesia, USD/MYR to local CPI statistics
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US Dollar and ASEAN FX Weekly Recap
Even though the US Dollar weakened on average against the major currencies last week, for the most part it outperformed against its ASEAN counterparts. This was not without obstacles however. As expected, developments in US-China trade talks continued to be the primary fundamental driver for the Singapore Dollar, Indonesian Rupiah, Malaysian Ringgit and Philippine Peso.
The MSCI Emerging Markets Index spent the first half of last week declining as doubts increased about a trade agreement between the world’s largest economies. Sentiment then improved as White House Economic Adviser Larry Kudlow rekindled trade deal expectations. This helped push the S&P 500 to a new record high as the Emerging Markets Index trimmed losses, still ending the week 1.28 percent lower.
The latter helps explain how the SGD, MYR, PHP and IDR saw a cautious rise towards the end of last week. Regional events such as better-than-expected Singapore retail sales, a rate hold from the Philippine Central Bank and in-line Malaysian GDP data passed without much fireworks for their respective currencies. More of the same fundamental dynamics may be ahead.
For timely updates on ASEAN and Southeast Asia currencies, make sure to follow me on Twitter here @ddubrovskyFX
US-China Trade Talks – Obstacles Remains
The 20-day rolling correlation coefficient between my ASEAN-based US Dollar index and the MSCI Emerging Markets holds at -0.92. This is unchanged from last week and a value at -1 implies a perfect inverse relationship. With that in mind, US-China trade talks will likely remain the primary factor driving USD/SGD, USD/IDR, USD/PHP and USD/MYR price action.
Key obstacles remain on this front. China has hinted that it would like to see the US not only pause raising tariffs against it, but also begin unwinding them. US President Donald Trump has shown reluctance to commit to this condition. The emphasis on trade talks is underpinned by what appears to be a Fed that is neutral on rates. A sudden collapse on talks risks bringing with it aggressive selling pressure in emerging markets.
The Importance of a US-China Trade Deal for ASEAN Currencies
ASEAN Event Risk – Singapore GDP, Malaysia CPI, Bank of Indonesia
Top-tier regional ASEAN event risk this week will be the Bank of Indonesia interest rate announcement. The central bank is expected to pause its easing cycle after delivering 4 rate cuts this year, holding benchmark borrowing costs at 5.00 percent. Since the Rupiah stabilized, the Bank of Indonesia has shifted its focus away from upholding the value of its currency.
There is also a chance that the finalized Q3 GDP figures for Singapore will cross the wires at an unspecified time. The window does extend to November 25 if not this week. Growth is expected to be revised slightly higher to 0.3 percent y/y from the preliminary 0.1% outcome. On Wednesday the Malaysian Ringgit will be eyeing local CPI data. Malaysian inflation is expected to slow to 1.0 percent in October from 1.1% prior.
Check out my Singapore Dollar currency profile to learn about how the MAS conducts monetary policy!
US Event Risk – FOMC Minutes
Focusing on USD-specific event risk, on Wednesday the FOMC minutes from the October monetary policy announcement will cross the wires. The central bank may reiterate familiar language about maintaining current rate settings as the outlook improves. That may weaken the US Dollar against some of its counterparts across the world if local bond yields decline.
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--- Written by Daniel Dubrovsky, Currency Analyst for DailyFX.com
To contact Daniel, use the comments section below or @ddubrovskyFX on Twitter
DailyFX provides forex news and technical analysis on the trends that influence the global currency markets.