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Stock Market Fund Flows May Suggest the Dow Jones is at a Crossroads

Stock Market Fund Flows May Suggest the Dow Jones is at a Crossroads

Peter Hanks, Strategist
What's on this page

Stock Market Talking Points:

  • Minimal changes in index tracking funds could show indecision, or interest elsewhere
  • The T-bill tracking ETF BIL has recorded consecutive outflows for over three weeks
  • See Q1’19 forecasts for the Dow, Dollar, Bitcoin and more with the DailyFX Trading Guides.

Dow Jones Drives Higher in February

The Dow Jones has continued its journey higher in February after a stellar January. As of Friday, the Industrial Average closed around 25,880 following optimism on the trade war talks between the United States and China. Technically speaking, the index rests near swing highs registered in early 2018 and mid-October. Sustained optimism next week could see the Dow clear the level, thus opening up higher price targets. With that in mind, exchange traded fund flows reveal mild inflows amidst such a sustained rally.

Dow Jones Price Chart: Daily Time-frame (January 2018 to February 2019) (Chart 1)

dow jones stock price chart

Learn key tips and strategies to day trade the Dow Jones

February Sees Muted Fund Flows

After the last week of January delivered a record intraday outflow for the funds included in this series, February has failed to offer any flows as surprising. However, that is not to say there have been no noteworthy developments at all. Thus far the month of February has seen a net outflow of a meager $740 million, considerably lower than the single outflow highlighted two weeks ago. While the aggregate fund flows have been muted with no discernible trend, the same cannot be said for other areas in the ETF space, namely short-term fixed income.

Aggregate Fund Flows for Broad Market ETFs versus S&P 500 Performance (Chart 2)

ETF Fund flows

Short-Term Fixed Income Finds Few Buyers

The BIL ETF, a fund that seeks to match the performance of 1-3-month US T-bills, is one such fund that has etched out a trend. Since January 28th, the fund has not registered a single day of net inflows. While the market capitalization of the fund is exponentially smaller than the aggregate fund flows above, such a trend is likely indicative of the larger picture outside the fund.

BIL ETF Fund Flows (Chart 3)

BIL ETF price chart and fund flows

In total, $577 million has left the coffers of BIL since the last net inflow on January 28th. With a market capitalization of roughly $8 billion, the outflows are equal to about 7% of total assets under management for the fund. Further, the outflows juxtapose the robust inflows witnessed during the equity rout in December. The same symptoms of a risk-on attitude can be viewed in high yield corporate debt.

High Yield Corporate Debt is Back on the Menu

The HYG ETF, a fund that tracks the performance of high yield fixed income, has seen a resurgence in demand in conjunction with the stock market rebound in January.

HYG ETF Fund Flows (Chart 4)

HYG ETF price chart

Since the advent of February, HYG has registered $1.05 billion in new capital. Although the fund has seen net inflows for some time the overall pace of buying has slowed, barring one exception on February 12th. The same can be seen in the selling of BIL. With muted and effectively deadlocked fund flows in the broad-market tracking funds, it seems investor sentiment is at a junction. So, what does this mean for the Dow?

The Dow

Just as investor conviction in the highlighted funds seemed to be waning, key fundamental risks for the Dow have been reduced. Thursday saw the aversion of another partial government shutdown as politicians on both sides of the aisle agreed to a funding bill that was later signed by President Trump.

Check out A Brief History of Trade Wars for a crash-course on the background of previous economic conflicts.

Similarly, the President heralded significant headway in the ongoing trade negotiations between China and the United States that took place this week in Beijing. While the talks fell short of a concrete agreement, the overall market sentiment regarding the matter was firmly bullish heading into the long weekend. With two major fundamental uncertainties removed, or at least reduced, the building blocks for a continuation of the recent rally may have already been laid.

Read more: Consumer Confidence Ticks Higher, Inflation Expectations Plummet

--Written by Peter Hanks, Junior Analyst for

Contact and follow Peter on Twitter @PeterHanksFX

DailyFX forecasts on a variety of currencies such as the US Dollar or the Euro are available from the DailyFX Trading Guides page. If you’re looking to improve your trading approach, check out Traits of Successful Traders. And if you’re looking for an introductory primer to the Forex market, check out our New to FX Guide.

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