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Crude Oil Market Focuses On Supply Risk, Not Trump Threats As Oil Sees Monthly Gain

Crude Oil Market Focuses On Supply Risk, Not Trump Threats As Oil Sees Monthly Gain

Tyler Yell, CMT, Currency Strategist


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Fundamental Forecast for <USOIL>: Neutral

Fundamental Crude Oil Price Talking Points:

  • The ONE Thing: Despite rhetoric from Donald Trump that could disrupt global trade, and thus demand, the picture for price support looks to be firm for crude oil. Crude rose as much as 3% on the week and surpassed the $70/bbl market for WTI surpassing the late July lower-high.
  • The Strait of Hormuz becomes global tipping point as Iran has said they will halt Middle East oil exports if it’s not allowed to ship its crude through the Strait of Hormuz
  • Per BHI, U.S. total rig count rises to 1048 from 1044; US Oil rigs jump by 2 to 862
  • Next week will see the Bloomberg OPEC production survey early on in a week shortened by US Labor Day while multiple oil summits will start in Abu Dhabi and the Muscat, Oman.
  • The technical picture warrants favoring a bullish continuation on a bullish pivot from the $71/bbl pivot point.

Greed and fear rule many markets, but lately, crude oil looks to be driven more by the latter. The specific fear that is surfacing is that of Iran’s supply of oil being shut off due to sanctions and a possibility of a blocked key water-passage, the Strait of Hormuz.

A vital sign of tightness in the physical oil market is calendar spreads in the futures market. When a front-month contract shows you a premium to a later-dated contract of the same commodity, there is typically a premium for supply now, and a potential fear that supply will be harder to come by down the line. This is known as backwardation.

The classic benchmark in crude is the December-December spread of the current year and the following. When looking to 2018, we’re off the highs from May when Brent traded at $80. However, since mid-August, the premium has doubled showing that a supply fear is being back, and the price of Brent has risen to $77/bbl as a result after trading as low as $70/bbl in mid-month when the spread was at the narrowest levels since November.

The Amount of Brent Backwardation Doubled In Two Weeks For Brent

Data source: Bloomberg

The chart above shows the premium demanded in blue for the December 2018 Brent contract over the December 2019 contract. Given the homogeneous properties of oil, a premium shows up when there is a perceived benefit to carry that exceeds the costs (insurance, storage, etc.) of carry, which would naturally help to support the front-month oil contract price in orange as we’ve seen.

The steepness of the rise, nearly 100% increase from $1.75 premium to $3.48 was attributed to the persistent supply fear from Iran being cut out of the market due to sanctions that don’t appear to be near resolution. Combining the jump in premium seems to show that a price spike in crude may yet be on the horizon as Dallas Federal Reserve President, Robert Kaplan warned at Jackson Hole last weekend.

Another key risk appears to be Emerging Markets as a key risk point, and at the same time, a key demand point for energy commodities. Whether traders look to Venezuela or Argentina, South Africa or Turkey, India or Indonesia, there appears to be a possible demand drop if contagion clicks in from one EM currency spreading across the world on an increasingly tightening Fed.

Brent Showing Polarity Near $71/bbl As New Floor That Was A Ceiling

Source: Bloomberg

Once again, WTI and Brent crude has become the market everyone is discussing! Unlock our forecast here

Brent crude bulls are likely breathing a sigh of relief after another higher-low was witnessed in the bull trend that has its roots in the summer of 2017. Brent has risen nearly 11% off the monthly low, and the technical pattern on the short-term seems to show that we’ve moved from a corrective pattern that lasted from May to April, and we’re now starting an impulsive move that could target the 2018 high of $80.49/bbl, and as high as $90/bbl in Q4, which aligns with the 2012 low and the 61.8% retracement of the 2012-2016 range.

Next Week’s Data Points That May Affect Energy Markets:

The fundamental focal points for the energy market next week:

  • Monday:U.S., Canada Labor Day public holidays
  • Monday: Dual oil conferences kick off in Abu Dhabi (Abu Dhabi International Downstream Summit), and another in Oman (World Heavy Oil Congress and Exhibition)
  • Tuesday: Bloomberg proprietary forecast of Cushing crude inventorychange
  • Wednesday 16:30 ET: API issues weekly U.S. oil inventory report (A daylater than usual because of Labor Day holiday)
  • Thursday 11:00 ET: EIA weekly U.S. oil inventory report (postponed one day because of Labor Day holiday)
  • Friday 13:00 ET: Baker-Hughes Rig Count
  • Friday 15:30 ET: Release of the CFTC weekly commitments of traders report on U.S. futures, options contracts
  • Saturday: China’s General Administration of Customs releases preliminarycommodity & energy trade data for August

---Written by Tyler Yell, CMT

Tyler Yell is a Chartered Market Technician. Tyler provides Technical analysis that is powered by fundamental factors on key markets as well as trading educational resources. Read more of Tyler’s Technical reports via his bio page.

Communicate with Tyler and have your shout below by posting in the comments area. Feel free to include your market views as well.

Talk markets on twitter @ForexYell

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DailyFX provides forex news and technical analysis on the trends that influence the global currency markets.