FX Week Ahead - Top 5 Events: August RBA Meeting & AUD/USD Rate Forecast
RBA Meeting Overview:
- The Reserve Bank of Australia meets on Tuesday, August 6 at 04:30 GMT; rates markets are pricing in a 91% chance of the main rate staying on hold.
- AUDUSD has been losing ground rapidly in recent weeks as the US-China trade war threatens to drag down global growth – bad news for a commodity-centric economy like Australia.
- Retail traders have remained net-long since July 19 when AUDUSD traded near 0.7057; price has moved 3.7% lower since then.
Join me on Mondays at 7:30 EDT/11:30 GMT for the FX Week Ahead webinar, where we discuss top event risk over the coming days and strategies for trading FX markets around the events listed below.
08/06 TUESDAY | 04:30 GMT | AUD RESERVE BANK OF AUSTRALIA RATE DECISION
Since the last Reserve Bank of Australia rate decision on July 2, the Australian economy has not made any meaningful progress, nor really has it done much negative: economic data trends have been flat. The Citi Economic Surprise Index for Australia, a gauge of economic data momentum, gained from 1.8 on July 2 to 2.2 by Friday, August 2. While there wasn’t an Australian GDP report released during this timeframe, there was the Q2’19 Australia inflation report that showed price pressures steadily increasing: 0.6% versus 0.5% expected, from 0% (q/q); and 1.6% versus 1.5% expected, from 1.3% (y/y).
If anything, recent developments from around the world, particularly concerning the US-China trade war, are likely to have a great influence on RBA policy in the near-term than any particular domestic development in Australia.
Reserve Bank of Australia Interest Rate Expectations (August 2, 2019) (Table 1)
Prior to the July Fed meeting, rates markets were not expecting any shot of the RBA following suit with a rate cut of its own at the August policy meeting. But with the imposition of the next round of Trump tariffs on China, the US-China trade war is escalating again, increasing the odds of a more significant slowdown in the global economy.
Nevertheless, it remains unlikely that the August RBA meeting produces any change in policy, with overnight index swaps pricing in only a 9% chance of a 25-bps rate cut. But to be clear, these odds were 0% midweek; expectations are quickly rising that the RBA could act as early as October, where overnight index swaps are now pricing in a 61% chance of a rate cut; odds for a September rate cut stand at 44%. Another boost to the dovish language deployed at the August RBA meeting may be enough to keep bearish momentum going in the AUD-crosses.
AUDUSD Technical Analysis: Daily Timeframe (August 2018 to August 2019) (Chart 1)
The failed breakout attempt by AUDUSD in mid-July above the descending trendline from the June 2018, December 2018, and April 2019 highs has led to a precipitous spillover in recent weeks. Price action in AUDUSD has been extremely weak, with eleven straight days of losses materializing (or at least on pace to materialize) at the time this report was written on Friday, August 2.
To this end, the path of least resistance remains to the downside. AUDUSD is comfortably below its daily 8-, 13-, and 21-EMA envelope. Meanwhile, Slow Stochastics are nestled in oversold territory – not uncommon during extended periods of weakness. Daily MACD, on the other hand, continues to trend lower, deeper below its signal line in bearish territory. Traders may see AUDUSD’s yearly low challenged, set on January 3 around the Yen flash-crash, at 0.6745 over the coming sessions.
IG Client Sentiment Index: AUDUSD Rate Forecast (August 2, 2019) (Chart 2)
AUDUSD: Retail trader data shows 80.0% of traders are net-long with the ratio of traders long to short at 3.99 to 1. In fact, traders have remained net-long since July 19 when AUDUSD traded near 0.7057; price has moved 3.7% lower since then. The number of traders net-long is 9.4% lower than yesterday and 18.1% higher from last week, while the number of traders net-short is 17.4% lower than yesterday and 42.7% lower from last week.
We typically take a contrarian view to crowd sentiment, and the fact traders are net-long suggests AUDUSD prices may continue to fall. Traders are further net-long than yesterday and last week, and the combination of current sentiment and recent changes gives us a stronger AUDUSD-bearish contrarian trading bias.
FX TRADING RESOURCES
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--- Written by Christopher Vecchio, CFA, Senior Currency Strategist
To contact Christopher, email him at firstname.lastname@example.org
DailyFX provides forex news and technical analysis on the trends that influence the global currency markets.