Strategy Series, Part 4: The HI-Low Breakout
- Position Traders can Trade Breakouts
- Use Channels for Support & Resistance
- Using a trail can allow a position to lock in profit with the trend
There are virtually limitless trading strategies for a variety of trading environments and time constraints. This is good news because whether you have a few minutes or a few hours a week to invest in trading, you can still participate in the Forex market. In our previous strategy session, we reviewed day trading with short term time frames using the “CCI Swing” strategy. Today we will continue our conversation, by reviewing a position trading strategy for long term traders using the “Hi-Low Breakout” for trending markets. Let’s get started!
Find the Daily Trend
The “HI-Low Breakout” approach is designed to find entries with the trend when price breaks from a key point of support or resistance. Since we will be selling in a downtrend and buying in an uptrend, the first task of this strategy is to find the trend. To begin traders will need to identify the primary trend on a Daily chart. A 200 MVA (Simple Moving Average) will be used for this, similar to the previously mentioned “CCI Swing” strategy. At this point, traders should note whether price is above or below the MVA.
Below we can see an example of the 200 MVA at work on a GBPUSD Daily chart. The trend is considered to be down because price is below the 200 MVA. Keep this in mind, because if prices were instead above the 200 MVA the pair would be considered in an uptrend. Once the primary trend is found, keep this information in mind as we move forward and consider market entries.
Identify Support & Resistance
Donchian Channels are a technical tool that can be applied to any chart. Their primary use is to pinpoint current levels of support and resistance by identifying the high and low price on a graph, over a selected number of periods. For today’s “Hi-Low Breakout” strategy we will be using 20 periods on a daily chart. This means that the channels will be used to identify the current 20 day high and low price. You can see these channels displayed in the graphic below, and this information will be carried over for our entry strategy.
Now that we have identified both the trend and support & resistance, it is time to plan an entry into the market. In a downtrend (price under the 200MVA), entry orders to sell the market should be placed one pip under the 20 day low. The idea is, when support is broken in an uptrend traders will look to sell. Conversely, in an uptrend traders will look to buy the market one pip above the 20 day high. While traders can opt to trade with market orders on a new high or low, entry orders are preferred here. This way orders can be set, and traders can trade breakouts occurring at any time of day without having to be in front of their computer.
Above, we can see a sample sell signal for the GBPUSD. Before today’s price action, the GBPUSD had a new 20 day low established at 1.5032. This means a sample entry could be placed at 1.5031. As price passed through this value, the entry would be executed effectively selling the GBPUSD.
Managing Risk & Trailing Stops
Managing your positions is the last, but arguably the most important part of any strategy. When trading the “HI-Low Breakout”, this process can be simplified through the use of the Donchian Channels already identified on our graph. Remember how our pricing channels (representing the 20 Day high or low), act as an area of support or resistance? In an uptrend, price is expected to move to higher highs and stay above this value. If price moves through the bottom channel, representing a new 20 Day low, traders will want to exit any long positions. Conversely in a downtrend, traders will want to place stops orders at the current 20 period high. This way, traders will exit any short positions upon the creation of a new high.
Finally traders will use the Donchian Channels as a mechanism to trail their stop forward. As the trend continues, traders will move their stop down the channel. Trailing a stop in this manner will allow you to update the stop with the position, and lock in profit as the trend continues. In the event that the trend turns, the positons will be closed at a new high (in a downtrend) or low (in an uptrend).
The “HI-Low Breakout” position trading strategy is just one installment of an ongoing article series on market strategies. If you missed one of the previously mentioned strategies, don’t worry! You can catch up on all of the action with the previous articles linked below.
---Written by Walker England, Trading Instructor
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