We use a range of cookies to give you the best possible browsing experience. By continuing to use this website, you agree to our use of cookies.
You can learn more about our cookie policy here, or by following the link at the bottom of any page on our site.

Free Trading Guides
EUR/USD
Bearish
Low
High
of clients are net long.
of clients are net short.
Long Short

Note: Low and High figures are for the trading day.

Data provided by
GBP/USD
Bullish
Low
High
of clients are net long.
of clients are net short.
Long Short

Note: Low and High figures are for the trading day.

Data provided by
USD/JPY
Mixed
Low
High
of clients are net long.
of clients are net short.
Long Short

Note: Low and High figures are for the trading day.

Data provided by
Gold
Bullish
Oil - US Crude
Bullish
Low
High
of clients are net long.
of clients are net short.
Long Short

Note: Low and High figures are for the trading day.

Data provided by
Bitcoin
Bearish
More View more
Real Time News
  • Have you joined @DailyFX @facebook group yet? Discuss your #forex strategies and brush up on your skills with us here: https://t.co/jtY1G7g8yx https://t.co/rGRzQtgtOb
  • Missed my webinar? See the recording and a bullet point summary of the main topics discussed: - #WEF2020 - EU-US #Tradewar tensions - IMF World Economic Outlook unpacked - Key data to watch for the week ahead - Biggest risks facing the global economy https://www.dailyfx.com/forex/market_alert/2020/01/22/Japanese-Yen--Gold-Prices-May-Retreat-on-Davos-Forum.html
  • The Canadian Dollar and Australian Dollar outlook may favor the downside based on positioning signals. This is as USD/CAD faces the BoC while AUD/USD awaits Australia’s jobs report $USDCAD $AUDUSD #BoC - https://www.dailyfx.com/forex/fundamental/article/special_report/2020/01/22/Canadian-Dollar-Australian-Dollar-Outlook-Positioning-Hints-Lower.html?CHID=9 https://t.co/lmdXFoEPIp
  • The Japanese Yen has faded into 2020 as market risk appetite has held up and hit demand for haven assets. $USDJPY now challenges a key medium-term downtrend, but hasn’t topped it yet.Get your market update from @DavidCottleFX here:https://t.co/4X6vgCgkB7 https://t.co/cEUZlD8FoF
  • The current astonishing price difference between #crudeoil and #naturalgas may tell us much less about global growth prospects than you might think. The US gas industry is well supplied with shale producers adding to the glut. https://www.dailyfx.com/forex/fundamental/article/special_report/2020/01/22/Crude-Oil-Natural-Gas-Prices-Part-Ways-What-Does-This-Mean-.html?utm_source=Twitter&utm_medium=Cottle&utm_campaign=twr
  • My trading video for today: 'Dow, Emerging Markets and Yuan Hit by Coronavirus-Tinged Risk Aversion' https://www.dailyfx.com/forex/video/daily_news_report/2020/01/22/Dow-Emerging-Markets-and-Yuan-Hit-by-Coronavirus-Tinged-Risk-Aversion.html?ref-author=Kicklighter?CHID=9&QPID=917719 https://t.co/vihwKOdVr5
  • Commodities Update: As of 03:00, these are your best and worst performers based on the London trading schedule: Silver: -0.29% Gold: -0.41% Oil - US Crude: -0.46% View the performance of all markets via https://www.dailyfx.com/forex-rates#commodities https://t.co/8kdO6Qqkow
  • The $GBP may be on the cusp resuming a 12-year downtrend against the US Dollar as signs of topping emerge at pivotal chart resistance. Get oyur market update from @IlyaSpivak here:https://t.co/9rM3OjWmBA https://t.co/C1voqDy4hc
  • Forex Update: As of 03:00, these are your best and worst performers based on the London trading schedule: 🇪🇺EUR: -0.01% 🇦🇺AUD: -0.05% 🇬🇧GBP: -0.06% 🇨🇦CAD: -0.11% 🇨🇭CHF: -0.12% 🇯🇵JPY: -0.16% View the performance of all markets via https://www.dailyfx.com/forex-rates#currencies https://t.co/dagocTZSUu
  • RT @KateBennett_DC: Do you, Larry Kudlow. https://t.co/n14RUZZRGy
What is Margin Call in Forex and How to Avoid One?

What is Margin Call in Forex and How to Avoid One?

2019-02-19 14:51:00
Richard Snow, Markets Writer
Share:

Margin Calls in Forex Trading – Main Talking Points:

  • A short introduction to margin and leverage
  • Causes of margin call
  • Margin call procedure
  • How to avoid margin calls

Traders go to great lengths to avoid margin call in forex. Therefore, understanding how margin call arises is essential for successful trading. This article takes an in-depth look into margin call and how to avoid it.

“Never meet a margin call. You are on the wrong side of a market. Why send good money after bad? Keep the money for another day.” - Jesse Livermore

Margin and leverage

In order to understand a forex margin call, it is essential to know about the interrelated concepts of margin and leverage. Margin and leverage are two sides of the same coin. Margin is the minimum amount of money required to place a leveraged trade, while leverage provides traders with greater exposure to markets without having to fund the full amount of the trade.

It’s important to remember trading with leverage involves risk and has the potential to produce large profits as well as large losses. Read our introduction to risk management for tips on how to minimize risk when trading.

What causes a margin call in forex trading?

A margin call is what happens when a trader no longer has any usable/free margin. In other words, the account needs more funding. This tends to happen when trading losses reduce the usable margin below an acceptable level determined by the broker.

Margin call is more likely to occur when traders commit a large portion of equity to used margin, leaving very little room to absorb losses. From the broker’s point of view this is a necessary mechanism to manage and reduce their risk effectively.

Below are the top causes for margin calls, presented in no specific order:

  • Holding on to a losing trade too long which depletes usable margin
  • Over-leveraging your account combined with the first reason
  • An underfunded account which will force you to over trade with too little usable margin
  • Trading without stops when price moves aggressively in the opposite direction.

What happens when a margin call takes place?

When a margin call takes place, a trader is liquidated or closed out of their trades. The purpose is two-fold: the trader no longer has the money in their account to hold the losing positions and the broker is now on the line for their losses, which is equally bad for the broker. It is important to know that leverage trading brings with it, in certain scenarios, the possibility that a trader may owe the broker more than what has been deposited.

Below is a visual representation of a trading account that runs a high chance of receiving a margin call:

Deposit: $10 000

Number of standard (100k lots traded): 4

Margin percentage: 2%

*Used margin: $9 000

Free margin: $1 000

*The used margin is calculated as follows with the EUR/USD at 1.125:

Trade size x price x margin percentage x no. of lots

$100 000 x 11250 x 2% x 4 lots = $9 000

Higher probability margin call forex

For simplicity, this is the only position open and it accounts for the entire used margin. It is clear to see that the margin required to maintain the open position uses up the majority of the account equity. This leaves a free margin of only $1000.

Traders may operate under the false assumption that the account is in good condition; however, the use of leverage means that the account is less able to absorb large movements against the trader. In this example, if the market moves more than 25 points (not accounting for spread) the trader will be on margin call and have the position liquidated ($40 per point x 25 points = $1000).

How to avoid margin call?

Leverage is often and fittingly referred to as a double-edged sword. The purpose of that statement is that the larger leverage a trader uses – relative to the amount deposited - the less usable margin a traderwill have to absorb any losses. The sword only cuts deeper if an over-leveraged trade goes against a trader as the losses can quickly deplete their account.

When usable margin percentage hits zero, a trader will receive a margin call. This only gives further credence to the reason of using protective stops to cut potential losses as short as possible.

To further reinforce the effect of leverage on a trader’s account, consider the following example where leverage is the only difference for these trades:

leverage in forex comparison

In the end, we don’t know what tomorrow will bring in terms of price action so be responsible when determining the appropriate leverage used when trading.

Traits of Successful Traders
Traits of Successful Traders
Recommended by Richard Snow
Why do traders lose money? Go to page 12
Get My Guide

Top 4 ways to avoid margin call in forex trading:

  1. Do not over-lever your trading account. Reduce your effective leverage. At DailyFX, we recommend using ten to one leverage, or less.
  2. Exercise prudent risk management by limiting your losses with the use of stops.
  3. Keep a healthy amount of free margin on the account in order to stay in trades. At DailyFX, we recommend using no more than 1% of the account equity towards any single trade and no more than 5% equity on all trades at any point in time.
  4. Trade smaller sizes and approach each trade as just one of a thousand insignificant, little trades.

Free resources to enhance your trading

  • If you are just starting out on your forex trading journey you can learn the basics with our free New to Forex guide.
  • We also offer a range of trading guides to supplement your forex knowledge and strategy development.
  • Margin and leverage are essential to understanding margin calls. All traders should have a solid understanding of these concepts.
  • Our research team analyzed over 30 million live trades to uncover the Traits of Successful Traders. Incorporate these traits to give yourself an edge in the markets.

DailyFX provides forex news and technical analysis on the trends that influence the global currency markets.

DISCLOSURES

News & Analysis at your fingertips.