We use a range of cookies to give you the best possible browsing experience. By continuing to use this website, you agree to our use of cookies.
You can learn more about our cookie policy here, or by following the link at the bottom of any page on our site.

Free Trading Guides
EUR/USD
Mixed
GBP/USD
Bearish
USD/JPY
Bearish
Gold
Bullish
Oil - US Crude
Bearish
Bitcoin
Bearish
More View more
Real Time News
  • The Australian Dollar and New Zealand Dollar tend to rise with stocks. They have recently fallen despite gains in the #SP500. What does this mean for $AUDUSD and $NZDUSD ahead? #AUD #NZD #RBA #RBNZ - https://www.dailyfx.com/forex/fundamental/article/special_report/2020/01/17/AUDUSD-NZDUSD-Outlook-Looks-Past-Stocks-to-Rate-Cut-Bets.html?CHID=9&QPID=917702 https://t.co/ddf2fV7Kyl
  • A few snippets from today's commentary. Check out the link below for the full story (via @DailyFX). https://t.co/I31tuq764r https://t.co/x0BaiOFA1P
  • Have you joined @DailyFX @facebook group yet? Discuss your #forex strategies and brush up on your skills with us here: https://t.co/jtY1G7g8yx https://t.co/e2YrN3dBrl
  • IG Client Sentiment Update: Our data shows the vast majority of traders in Ripple are long at 98.00%, while traders in France 40 are at opposite extremes with 79.59%. See the summary chart below and full details and charts on DailyFX: https://www.dailyfx.com/sentiment https://t.co/UL7hqSD2Ki
  • US Dollar Forecast: $USD Lacking Impetus Ahead of Consumer Sentiment #Forex traders shift focus away from US-China trade deal headlines - perhaps toward the monthly release of #ConsumerSentiment data for volatility and clues on the Greenback's next move https://www.dailyfx.com/forex/fundamental/us_dollar_index/usd_trading_today/2020/01/16/us-dollar-forecast-usd-lacking-impetus-ahead-of-consumer-sentiment.html
  • Forex Update: As of 05:00, these are your best and worst performers based on the London trading schedule: 🇳🇿NZD: 0.11% 🇦🇺AUD: -0.02% 🇯🇵JPY: -0.03% 🇨🇭CHF: -0.05% 🇬🇧GBP: -0.06% 🇨🇦CAD: -0.07% View the performance of all markets via https://www.dailyfx.com/forex-rates#currencies https://t.co/Kxcb9EtIWb
  • Indices Update: As of 05:00, these are your best and worst performers based on the London trading schedule: Germany 30: 0.45% France 40: 0.26% Wall Street: 0.07% US 500: 0.00% View the performance of all markets via https://www.dailyfx.com/forex-rates#indices https://t.co/I5YIsKQAog
  • 🇯🇵 JPY Tertiary Industry Index (MoM) (NOV), Actual: 1.3% Expected: 1.0% Previous: -5.2% https://www.dailyfx.com/economic-calendar#2020-01-17
  • The $JPY has weakened as a bounce-back in risk appetite saps haven-asset demand. However, the old uptrend line still provides clear resistance. Get your market update from @DavidCottleFX HERE:https://t.co/IMhgQ9jbF9 https://t.co/I7087olftk
  • Heads Up:🇯🇵 JPY Tertiary Industry Index (MoM) (NOV) due at 04:30 GMT (15min), Actual: N/A Expected: 1.0% Previous: -4.6% https://www.dailyfx.com/economic-calendar#2020-01-17
3 Elliott Wave Flat Patterns to Know and Understand

3 Elliott Wave Flat Patterns to Know and Understand

2017-09-04 17:18:00
Jeremy Wagner, CEWA-M, Senior Strategist
Share:

Talking points:

  • Three types of Elliott Wave Flat patterns: Regular, Expanded, Running
  • Where you will find flat patterns in the Elliott Wave sequence

In Elliott Wave theory, a flat is a pattern consisting of three waves labeled A-B-C. It is a corrective pattern that runs counter trend. The pattern tends to be a shallow retracement of the previous trend and may be the ‘flag’ of the common flag pattern at times. At other times, it may look like a simple range that spends more time going sideways than making any real progress in price.

In an impulse, flats are typically found in the 4th wave position. Flats can make up the ‘A’ or the ‘B’ wave of another corrective pattern, but you won’t find them in the ‘C’ wave of a correction.

There are essentially 3 types of flat corrections. The regular flat, the expanded flat, and the running flat. The name of the pattern you are identifying isn’t as important as what the pattern implies. In each of the flats above, the implication is a sideways consolidation that eventually would resolve as a complete retracement of the pattern and continuation of the trend prior to entering the flat pattern.

3 Elliott Wave Flat Patterns to Know and Understand

In the expanded flat, the ‘B’ wave breaks beyond the origination of the ‘A’ wave and the ‘C’ wave breaks beyond the origination of the ‘B’ wave. In the running flat, the ‘C’ wave does not travel back to the origination of the ‘B’ wave.

When seeking to identify an Elliott Wave flat, there are a couple of characteristics we look for.

  1. The sub waves of an A-B-C flat (regardless of the 3 types above) subdivide as 3-3-5
  2. In the flat, look for a second wave, or “B” wave that retraces 78-138% of the “A” wave

The 3 waves of the flat (A-B-C) subdivide as a 3-3-5 meaning the ‘A’ leg has 3 sub waves in it, the ‘B’ leg has 3 sub waves in it, and the ‘C’ leg has 5 sub waves in it. Because of the ‘A’ and ‘B’ legs both containing three sub waves each, it illustrates the struggle of the instrument to create a new trend against the previous trend. Therefore, prices end up slopping around sideways eating up more time than price. One thing to keep in mind when identifying corrective patterns, ‘C’ legs will always have five sub waves in it (triangles are the only exception as they contain just three sub waves). Therefore, if you see a 5-wave move, preceded by several 3-wave moves, count backwards and see if a flat pattern is at play.

3 Elliott Wave Flat Patterns to Know and Understand

Another characteristic we look for in identifying flats are a secondary or “B” wave that retraces most or all of the preceding wave, but in a clear 3-wave fashion. The trick here is to find that move that is a clear 3 wave move. As we learned in our impulse section, when the proposed wave 4 overlaps the price territory of a proposed wave 1, that overlap eliminates the impulse pattern and solidifies a 3 wave move. Therefore, when the proposed wave 3 terminates near the beginning or just beyond the beginning of the previous trend wave, closely monitor the end of wave 1 for overlap.

Elliott Wave for Beginners
Elliott Wave for Beginners
Recommended by Jeremy Wagner, CEWA-M
Boost your Elliott Wave expertise with our guide
Get My Guide

Elliott Wave Expanded Flat Pattern

Elliott Wave Expanded Flat Pattern

This is an expanded flat for AUD/USD where the (b) wave surpasses the origination of the (a) wave.

“B” waves typically don’t last longer than 138% the length of “A”. Therefore, it is good practice to identify the 1.382 level of “A” on your charts as a false break out zone in case an expanded or running flat correction takes hold.

Elliott Wave Expanded Flat Correct -- B Wave Extremes

3 Elliott Wave Flat Patterns to Know and Understand

Image with 138.2% the length of wave ‘A’ drawn to identify a potential false breakout zone.

Where Flats Appear in the Wave Sequence

Flats appear where any 3 wave corrective move can present itself (with one exception). For example, you will find flats in the 2nd or 4th wave position of an impulse, in the “B” wave of a zigzag, in the W, Y, Z, or X waves of a complex correction, or in the “A” wave of another flat. However, one corrective structure you will not find flats in are triangles. Triangles are constructed from zigzags or other triangles.

As a result, identifying them in real time can be difficult. Pull out to the next higher degree of trend to see what the larger structure may be and use wave measurements to anticipate the termination point of the pattern. Since they essentially form a range, range trading techniques and risk levels are recommended for trading them.

---Written by Jeremy Wagner, CEWA-M

The full suite of Elliott Wave resources can be found at the links below [registration required]:

Beginner and Advanced Elliott Wave trading guides

For more in depth study on Elliott Wave patterns, we have these one hour webinar recordings:

Elliott Wave Impulse Patterns

Elliott Wave Zigzag Patterns

Elliott Wave Flat Patterns

Elliott Wave Triangle Patterns

Elliott Wave Diagonal Patterns

Starting Your Elliott Wave Counting

Follow me on twitter at @JWagnerFXTrader .

DailyFX provides forex news and technical analysis on the trends that influence the global currency markets.

DISCLOSURES

News & Analysis at your fingertips.