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Forex: EUR/USD- Trading the Fed’s (FOMC) Interest Rate Decision

By , Currency Analyst
11 December 2012 20:30 GMT

Trading the News: Federal Open Market Committee Meeting

What’s Expected:

Time of release: 12/12/2012 17:30 GMT, 12:15 EST

Primary Pair Impact: EURUSD

Expected: 0.25%

Previous: 0.25%

DailyFX Forecast: 0.25%

Why Is This Event Important:

There’s speculation that the Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC) will expand its open-asset purchase program beyond the $40B monthly limit as ‘Operation Twist’ comes to an end, but we may see the central bank carry its current policy stance into the following year as the fundamental outlook for the world’s largest economy improves. Indeed, Fed Chairman Ben Bernanke sounded rather upbeat for 2013 amid the more broad-based recovery, and we may see the central bank start to slowly move away from its easing cycle as the recovery gradually gathers pace.

Recent Economic Developments

The Upside

Release

Expected

Actual

Consumer Credit (OCT)

$10.000B

$14.158B

Change in Non-Farm Payrolls (NOV)

85K

146K

Housing Starts (MoM) (OCT)

-3.7%

3.6%

The Downside

Release

Expected

Actual

U. of Michigan Confidence (DEC P)

82.0

74.5

Personal Income (OCT)

0.2%

0.0%

Advance Retail Sales (OCT)

-0.2%

-0.3%

As the ongoing expansion in private sector credit paired with the budding recovery in the housing market highlights an improved outlook for growth, we may see the FOMC carry a wait-and-see approach into the following year, and a shift in the policy outlook should instill a bullish forecast for the USD as market participants scale back bets for more quantitative easing. However, subdued wage growth along with the slowdown in private sector consumption may prompt the Fed to encourage a stronger recovery, and we way see a sharp selloff in the greenback should the committee take additional steps to shore up the region.

Potential Price Targets For The Rate Decision

Forex_EURUSD-_Trading_the_Feds_FOMC_Interest_Rate_Decision_body_ScreenShot102.png, Forex: EUR/USD- Trading the Fed’s (FOMC) Interest Rate Decision

As former trendline resistance appears to be acting as new support, speculation for more easing may spark another run at the 38.2% Fibonacci retracement from the 2009 high to the 2010 low around 1.3120, and the EURUSD may continue to retrace the decline from earlier this year should the FOMC carry its easing cycle into the following year. However, as Chairman Bernanke softens his dovish tone for monetary policy, we may see the central bank scale back his willingness to expand the balance sheet further, and a less-dovish policy statement may initial a more meaningful move towards the 23.6% Fib (1.2640-50) as the Fed looks to conclude its easing cycle.

How To Trade This Event Risk

Trading the given event risk may not be as clear cut as some of our previous trades as the Fed keeps the door open to expand its balance sheet further, but the statement accompanying the rate decision could set the stage for a long U.S. dollar as should the central bank strike a more neutral tone for monetary. Therefore, if the FOMC keeps the open-ended asset purchase program at $40B a month and raises its fundamental outlook for the region, we will need a red, five-minute candle following the announcement to establish a sell entry on two-lots of EURUSD. Once these conditions are fulfilled, we will set the initial stop at the nearby swing high or a reasonable distance from the entry, and this risk will generate our first objective. The second target will be based on discretion, and we will move the stop on the second lot to cost once the first trade hits its mark in order to lock-in our profits.

On the other hand, the Fed may take additional steps to foster a stronger recovery amid the ongoing turmoil in the world economy, and the central bank may keep the door open to expand its balance sheet further in 2013 in an effort to encourage a stronger recover. As a result, if the FOMC offsets the expiration of ‘Operation Twist’ and sees scope for additional monetary support, we will implement the same strategy for a long euro-dollar trade as the short position laid out above, just in the opposite direction.

Impact that the FOMC Interest Rate Decision has had on USD during the last release

Period

Data Released

Estimate

Actual

Pips Change

(1 Hour post event )

Pips Change

(End of Day post event)

OCT 2012

10/24/2012 18:15 GMT

0.25%

0.25%

+6

+13

October 2012 Federal Open Market Committee Interest Rate Decision

Forex_EURUSD-_Trading_the_Feds_FOMC_Interest_Rate_Decision_body_ScreenShot101.png, Forex: EUR/USD- Trading the Fed’s (FOMC) Interest Rate Decision

Indeed, the FOMC maintained the 2015 pledge for its zero-interest rate policy amid the ‘moderate’ recovery, and held a relatively dovish tone for monetary policy as the fundamental outlook remains clouded with ‘significant downside risks.’ As the Fed keeps the door open to expand its balance sheet further, the cautious outlook held by the FOMC pushed the EURUSD back towards the 1.2975 figure, and the greenback struggled to regain its footing during the North American trade as the pair closed at 1.2972.

--- Written by David Song, Currency Analyst

To contact David, e-mail dsong@dailyfx.com.

Follow me on Twitter at @DavidJSong

To be added to David's e-mail distribution list, please follow this link.

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11 December 2012 20:30 GMT