Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC)
FOMC (Federal Open Market Committee) is the branch of the United States Federal Reserve that determines the course of monetary policy. FOMC announcements inform everyone about the US Federal Reserve's decision on interest rates and are one of the most anticipated events on the economic calendar. The FOMC may decide to increase, decrease or keep interest rates steady, having a tremendous effect on currency values. The FOMC's Board of Governors is composed of seven members and five reserve bank presidents.